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Chapter 64 - Placenta Accreta Spectrum Disorders

from Section 7 - Placenta

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2021

Tahir Mahmood
Affiliation:
Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy
Charles Savona Ventura
Affiliation:
University of Malta, Malta
Ioannis Messinis
Affiliation:
University of Thessaly, Greece
Sambit Mukhopadhyay
Affiliation:
Norfolk & Norwich University Hospital, UK
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Summary

Placental adhesive spectrum disorders (PASD) are on the increase. Histologically, the placenta may be adherent to the myometrium without intervening decidua (acreta), invade the myometrium (increta) and/or extend beyond the myometrium and seen via the serosa of the uterus or invade into adjacent tissues like the bladder or parametrium (percreta). Since there are difficulties in defining each entity by ultrasound or by histology and also due to the possibility of histology showing different degrees of invasion in the same case, PASD is the term now commonly used and the previous terminology of morbidly adherent placenta is no longer used. The main contributor towards PSAD is previous caesarean section (CS). With the global increase in CS, the incidence of PASD and related morbidity and mortality is on the increase.

Type
Chapter
Information
The EBCOG Postgraduate Textbook of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Obstetrics & Maternal-Fetal Medicine
, pp. 518 - 524
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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References

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