Published online by Cambridge University Press: 17 March 2022
Water erosion is one of most important global environmental problems which has been widely researched but remains poorly understood because of the complexity of its underlying mechanisms driven by interacting environmental factors. Water erosion is highly sensitive to climate change and associated events such as increasing extreme rainfall events and global warming. This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the research progress on water erosion processes, as well as how they can be influenced by the natural and anthropogenic factors. The main water erosion control practices are introduced, which need better spatial and temporal allocations under future climate risk. We also reviewed the literature that has quantified direct and indirect climate change impacts on water erosion. Future avenues of research might include: deeper investigation of the natural and anthropogenic factors associated with water erosion, high resolution predictions of water erosion at larger scale and evaluation of economic models associated with erosion control practices to help policymakers develop and implement measures to mitigate the impacts of climate change.