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7 - Minors in Institutions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 October 2023

Bernard Moitt
Affiliation:
Virginia Commonwealth University
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Summary

Chapter 7 offers a glimpse of minors confined to institutions. It delves into the experiences of minors in carceral and non-carceral institutions. It begins with the incarceration of minors in the Saint-Louis prison, mostly for indiscipline, insubordination, and petty crimes, primarily theft. Both the pre and post emancipation carceral population was mostly enslaved and formerly enslaved people. Some liberated minors were housed at the École Pénitentiare de Thiès (the Thiès Penitentiary School) – a reformatory institution run by the Catholic Fathers who worked in conjunction with the colonial state and were stern disciplinarians. Some minors died there; others who rebelled were put in chains. The orphanage at Ndar Toute operated by the Soeurs de Saint-Joseph de Cluny (The Sisters of Saint-Joseph) – a Catholic order, also took in liberated minors, as did the L’orphelinat de Sor (Orphanage at Sor), which housed liberated minors released from prison and minors who lacked kinship ties, among others. In addition to orphanages, minors were sent to the Ėcole Professional Pinet-Laprade (the Pinet-Laprade Professional School) which engaged in active recruitment of liberated minors. The chapter ends with liberated minors who were confided to the Tirailleurs Sénégalais (the Senegalese Rifles) – the Black colonial army.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

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  • Minors in Institutions
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.010
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  • Minors in Institutions
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.010
Available formats
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To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Minors in Institutions
  • Bernard Moitt, Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Book: Child Slavery and Guardianship in Colonial Senegal
  • Online publication: 19 October 2023
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781009296441.010
Available formats
×