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9 - Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Bilingual Lexical Ambiguity

from Part IV - Neuroscience of Bilingual Lexical Access

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 December 2019

Roberto R. Heredia
Affiliation:
Texas A & M University
Anna B. Cieślicka
Affiliation:
Texas A & M University
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Summary

This chapter elucidates the behavioral and neural underpinnings of bilingual lexical ambiguity processing during both first language (L1) and second language (L2) reading. It provides an overview of the eye-tracking and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research on bilingual nonselective lexical access, as assessed through cognates, interlingual homographs, and cross-language orthographic neighbors (i.e., words that are lexically ambiguous across languages). Ultimately, the chapter demonstrates that eye movement patterns vary as a function of the nature and amount of cross-language overlap, as well as individual differences in L2 background and executive control capacity. It also demonstrates that left hemisphere brain regions implicated in executive functions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, basal ganglia) are also implicated in resolving cross-language lexical ambiguity.

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Chapter
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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References

Further Reading

Dijkstra, T., Wahl, A., Buytenhuijs, F., van Halem, N., Al-Jibouri, Z., De Korte, M., & Rekké, S. (2019). Multilink: A computational model for bilingual word recognition and word translation. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 22(4), 657–679. doi: 10.1017/S1366728918000287
Hut, S. C., Helenius, P., Leminen, A., Mäkelä, J. P., & Lehtonen, M. (2017). Language control mechanisms differ for native languages: Neuromagnetic evidence from trilingual language switching. Neuropsychologia, 107, 108120.
Kovelman, I., Baker, S. A., & Petitto, L. A. (2008). Bilingual and monolingual brains compared: A functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of syntactic processing and a possible “neural signature” of bilingualism. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 153169.
Lauro, J., & Schwartz, A. I. (2018). Cognate effects on anaphor processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20, 747769.

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