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12 - Cornelia-Uitzoek: Paleoecology, Archeology, and Geochronology

from Part II - Southern Africa

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 May 2022

Sally C. Reynolds
Affiliation:
Bournemouth University
René Bobe
Affiliation:
University of Oxford
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Summary

The fossil locality is situated on the farm “Uitzoek” in the Schoonspruit valley, near the town of Cornelia in the northeastern Free State Province of South Africa (Figures 12.1 and 12.2). The site consists of fossil-bearing valley-fill deposits within the Schoonspruit Valley. The hominin fossil and bulk of the fossil and artifact-bearing deposits of the site are dated by paleomagnetism to between 1.07 and 1.01 Ma (ages updated with respect to reversal ages of Singer, 2014), with other fossil and archeological deposits occurring to less than 780 ka (Brink et al., 2012). In older literature the Uitzoek site is referred to only as “Cornelia,” but it is in reality one of several fossil vertebrate and Stone Age archeological sites in the Schoonspruit valley and in the nearby Venterspruit drainage. These drainages fall within the northeastern part of the Vaal River catchment and flow northward into the Vaal River (Tooth et al., 2004; Figure 12.1).

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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