Masers have been well-known phenomena for decades, but water masers at 183, 321, 325 and 658 GHz have only been detected since the 1990s. Early detections came from single-dish telescopes with follow-up observations from the PdBI and the Submillimeter Array. Detecting them at these short wavelengths has been very difficult due to water in our atmosphere, meaning that even in very good weather, one can only detect very bright masers, such as those in stellar atmospheres. In the last 7 years, a new window on submillimeter water masers, both Galactic and now extragalactic, has opened. Located at high altitude, above a large fraction of the Earth’s atmosphere, ALMA sits on the edge of the driest desert on the planet, meaning that the air that does remain above the telescope is frequently extremely low in water vapor content. Combine this with sensitive, stable receivers covering a number of masing transitions from 183-658 GHz and you have an excellent machine for detecting and characterizing submillimeter water masers. In addition, other molecules also exhibit maser emission in the ALMA observing bands, such as SiO and HCN.