To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Next to its purpose, a model may be characterised by the features it possesses. The features of a model are determined by the features of the system modelled as well as the model purpose. Five features are highlighted in this chapter. The first is spatial structure, where three types are distinguished: spatially differentiated, spatially explicit, and spatially differentiated and explicit. The second is dynamics, which can be considered in different ways. The third model feature is stochasticity or randomness. The fourth is variability among individuals (plants or animals in the ecological models, and human agents in the economic models), and the last is feedback loops, such that model components affect each other in a mutual way. As in Chapter 2, various model studies from the literature are used, and the relevance of each of the five model features is demonstrated by way of example.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.