Pulmonary venous stenosis has been a challenge to paediatric cardiologists and surgeons. In spite of significant improvements in the management and outcome of various congenital cardiac problems, the prognosis of this condition continues to be dismal. Acquired stenosis of the pulmonary veins has been described in the adult population, especially after radiofrequency ablation for atrial arrhythmias. The outcome of this condition has generally been described to be favourable in the long term. Acquisition of pulmonary venous stenosis in childhood has a very different outcome, and is not a very well recognised entity, with symptoms and signs which are non-specific. We present 7 infants who, when first assessed, had normal pulmonary veins, but who subsequently acquired stenoses of the veins, with very significant resultant morbidity and mortality.