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The large number of casualties during major or mega-disasters are a global problem.
The role of medicine against mega-disasters is analyzed from a worldwide perspective.
Chernobyl incident, the Tokyo Subway Sarin Attack, the 9-11 attack, the Indian Ocean earthquake/tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, the Flu pandemic, the Higashi Nihon Earthquake followed by the Fukushima nuclear plant incident, etc. are critically analyzed, based on the actual medical experiences.
These mega-disasters often have a wide, severe negative influence. Linked catastrophes often form catastrophic circulus vitiosus (CCV) or malignant cycles on a global scale. The typical example is the Chernobyl incident which caused not only many deaths by radiation exposure/thyroid cancer and world anxiety, but also is considered to have contributed to the end of the Eastern European Communism system in 1989 (East Germany) and 1991 (ESSR).
Many roles of medical doctors and staff were requested, including creating preventive life-saving systems, in addition to the prevention of mega-disaster measurement to minimize the unhappiness. Moreover, medical ethics and philosophy are important, which were often overlooked. It is necessary for medical care and support to have a broad perspective. Although the classical philosophy of utilitarianism is often accepted without suspicion, it comes with the risk of disregarding vulnerable/weak people. The concept of justice according to John Rawls (USA) and the Minimal Unhappiness Theory by Naoto Kan (Japanese politician) should be considered, too. From such viewpoints, it is our conclusion to urge the establishment of systematic disaster medicine or to compile a disaster medicine compendium. Although the tentative first version was compiled with 22 volumes in 2005, only one-fourth was available in English. The English part increased up to nearly three-fourths by adding several new versions in which the nuclear/biological/chemical hazard version, tsunami measurement, and psychological care version are included at the moment.
The purpose of the present study was to examine the association between soya food consumption and insulin resistance using baseline data of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study in Tokushima, Japan.
This cross-sectional study included 1274 subjects, aged 34–70 years at baseline, living in Tokushima Prefecture between 2008 and 2013. Fasting blood samples were collected and information on lifestyle characteristics including soya food intake and medical history were obtained using a structured self-administered questionnaire. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured and those with HOMA-IR≥2·5 were defined as having insulin resistance. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyse the association between soya product intake and the prevalence of insulin resistance.
Rural communities located in Tokushima Prefecture, Japan, between 2008 and 2013.
A total of 1148 adults (565 men and 583 women), aged 34–70 years.
The frequency of intake of miso soup, total non-fried soya products and total soya products showed significant inverse dose–response relationships with insulin resistance, after adjustments for potential confounders. When soya product intake was calculated as soya protein and isoflavone, the odds ratios of insulin resistance decreased significantly as the estimated intake of soya protein increased. Furthermore, significant inverse dose–response relationships were observed for total non-fried soya products and total soya products, after adjustment for total vegetable or total fibre consumption.
The present results indicate that the intake of soya products and non-fried soya products is associated with reduced insulin resistance in the Japanese population.
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