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ASEAN Leaders’ Declaration on Disaster Health Management (ALD on DHM) (2019-2025) was adopted by the ASEAN Summit in November 2017 to strengthen the DHM system at national and regional levels, and the Plan of Action (POA) to implement the ALD on DHM was endorsed by the ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting in August 2019. Knowledge Management (KM) is one of the five priority areas in the POA with the relevant targets including the regional academic network establishment, organization of regional academic conferences, publication of the ASEAN academic journal on DHM, and so forth. The ARCH Project Phase2 (ARCH2), which started in January 2022, focuses on aiming to support implementation of this POA.
The ARCH2 will support the establishment of the ASEAN Academic Network on DHM (AAN-DHM) and the ASEAN Institute for DHM (AIDHM). In addition, the ARCH2 will support the promotion of academic activities on DHM which shall be conducted under the AAN-DHM in collaboration with the AAN member institutes and AIDHM.
Terms of Reference (TOR) of AAN-DHM was endorsed by the 15th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting in May 2022. Afterward, the National Focal Point (NFP) institutes for the AAN were nominated among all ASEAN Member States (AMS). The first meeting of representatives of the NFP was held in September 2022 to discuss several areas such as governance of the AAN-DHM, the organization plan for the ASEAN Academic Conference (AAC), and the publication plan of the ASEAN Journal. Simultaneously, the TOR of the AIDHM was prepared for further discussion of its establishment.
The AAN has already been established to initiate the preparation of its academic activities. The AAC on DHM is scheduled to be held in November 2023 in Indonesia as the first regional event for accelerating academic activities toward enhancing KM on DHM in the region under the AAN-DHM.
Knowledge management on Disaster Health Management (DHM) is one of the priority areas in the Plan of Action to implement the ASEAN Leaders’ Declaration on DHM (POA/ ALD DHM) (2019-2025). The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been implementing the Project for Strengthening the ASEAN Regional Capacity on Disaster Health Management (ARCH Project) since 2016 to assist the ASEAN region in strengthening coordination capacity on DHM. A regional training course on DHM for ASEAN member states (AMS) in Japan was proposed to be implemented in 2022 as a JICA’s Knowledge Co-creation Program (KCCP).
The training curriculum of the KCCP included emergency and disaster medicine in Japan, international trends on DHM, and underwent reviews by AMS representatives of the ARCH Project. Prior to the training, participants were required to prepare country reports (CRs) outlining information on legislation, system and structure related to emergency and disaster medicine, as well as systems to receive international emergency medical teams (I-EMTs).
The four-week KCCP course contained a trial implementation of a four-day training program for receiving I-EMTs and coordination among stakeholders in ASEAN disaster response, based on the regional standard curriculum developed by the ARCH Project, and invited experts in DHM not only from Japan but also from AMS as instructors. Participants analyzed and identified challenges on DHM in their countries, and developed draft action plans (APs) to improve the situation through the knowledge obtained from the program.
The draft APs, the training deliverables, will be shared with the ARCH Project, and used to build a support mechanism to achieve national level targets of the POA/ ALD DHM, and the progress will be reflected in the CR in the subsequent year. The KCCP on DHM is expected to facilitate knowledge sharing in AMS and Japan, and contribute to fostering the culture of mutual learning.
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