To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
The deleterious effects of adversity are likely intergenerational, such that one generation’s adverse experiences can affect the next. Epidemiological studies link maternal adversity to offspring depression and anxiety, possibly via transmission mechanisms that influence offspring fronto-limbic connectivity. However, studies have not thoroughly disassociated postnatal exposure effects nor considered the role of offspring sex. We utilized infant neuroimaging to test the hypothesis that maternal childhood maltreatment (CM) would be associated with increased fronto-limbic connectivity in infancy and tested brain-behavior associations in childhood. Ninety-two dyads participated (32 mothers with CM, 60 without; 52 infant females, 40 infant males). Women reported on their experiences of CM and non-sedated sleeping infants underwent MRIs at 2.44 ± 2.74 weeks. Brain volumes were estimated via structural MRI and white matter structural connectivity (fiber counts) via diffusion MRI with probabilistic tractography. A subset of parents (n = 36) reported on children’s behaviors at age 5.17 ± 1.73 years. Males in the maltreatment group demonstrated greater intra-hemispheric fronto-limbic connectivity (b = 0.96, p= 0.008, [95%CI 0.25, 1.66]), no differences emerged for females. Fronto-limbic connectivity was related to somatic complaints in childhood only for males (r = 0.673, p = 0.006). Our findings suggest that CM could have intergenerational associations to offspring brain development, yet mechanistic studies are needed.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Maternal health and exposures during pregnancy play a major role in shaping the neurodevelopment of our offspringâ€”one influence is maternal immune activation (MIA). Here we explore the association of MIA during pregnancy and the developing human connectome through analysis of 46 markers of activation. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: 74 healthy women with singleton pregnancies underwent blood draws between 34-37 weeks gestation. 46 markers of maternal immune activation, both adaptive (e.g., IgG) and innate (e.g., cytokines and acute phase reactants), were collected. In addition, for preliminary analyses of MIA in relation to the newborn brain, we utilized 30 participants with MRIs between the ages of 0-6 months. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Principal component analysis (PCA) identified the first 5 PCs explains ~68% of the variance and the first 10 explains ~83% (top PC is 42.1%). Using the top PC each edge in the connectome was correlated with the immune profiles. Several regions trended towards significance–one survived correction and included 359 edges, showing. The highest number of edges was observed in the inferior parietal lobe of the left hemisphere–a region associated with functions from basic attention toa social cognition, suggesting that deviations in fetal exposure to MIA can longitudinally impact offspring behavior in areas essential for human interaction. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study in understanding how interruptions (i.e., MIA) influence later development. Identification of alterations, and long-term outcomes could lead to the development of mechanism-based healthcare, facilitate timely referral for appropriate interventions and provide family support.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.