To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
WIDELY famed for its bird's-eye view of the Tower of London, which is endlessly reproduced in both scholarly and popular contexts, Royal MS 16 F. ii in the British Library is of major interest to all students of the work of Charles of Orleans because it is the only medieval manuscript copy of his work to have been supplied with major illustrations. His poems take up rather more than half of the volume's 248 leaves and the associated miniatures account for three of the six fully illuminated pages in the book. It has always been clear from copious internal heraldic evidence that the manuscript once belonged to Henry VII, first of the Tudor kings, who came to the throne in August 1485 after his victory over Richard III at Bosworth. Only recently was it recognised that this lavish commission was originally intended for his Yorkist predecessor, Edward IV, who died in April 1483.
The manuscript is designed on a grand scale, fit indeed for its intended royal recipient. It consists of 248 leaves of stout, good quality, well prepared vellum, each measuring approximately 14½ by 10½ inches (370 by 270 mm), written 22 lines to the page within a ruled space of 8¾ by 6¼ inches. In addition to the selection from Charles's poetry (fols. 1r–136v), it contains fictitious letters of the abbess Heloise on the theme of love (fols. 137r–187v), ‘Les demandes damours’ (fols. 188r–210r) and a treatise for the instruction of a prince (fols. 210v–248v).
Despite constantly accumulating evidence of the ownership of books and of arrangements for their storage and care during earlier reigns, King Edward IV remains clearly identifiable as the founder of the old Royal Library. The bulk of Edward's manuscripts are large-scale copies of well-known and widely distributed library texts in French of original Latin texts. Several members of Edward IV's immediate family are known to have owned books. The next major contributor to the English Royal Library was the first Tudor sovereign, Henry VII. His own acquisitions seem to have been the result of gifts. A particularly grand gift was offered during the last year of the reign by the French ambassador, Claude de Seyssel, who presented a richly illuminated copy of a translation of a work by Xenophon from a Greek manuscript in the French royal library at Blois. The King's mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, owned at least one very grand contemporary Hours from a leading Parisian workshop.
We present the prospective economic evaluation that served as a secondary endpoint for the FIRST study, a randomized international multicenter trial of patients with severe congestive heart failure. Although the clinical results of this study were disappointing, we demonstrated the feasibility of incorporating prospective economic evaluation in phase III clinical trials.