For type II superconductors (SC), magnetic field can be trapped, or pinned due to persistent internal current. Upon magnetization, SC samples behave in some ways similar to a metallic permanent magnet. The trapped field is high and quasi-persistent, and we refer to it as a “magnet replica”. So far, nearly 1T @ 65 K, and over 0.4 T @ 77 K have been measured within small (about 1 × 1 × 0.6 cm3) melt-textured Yba2Cu3Ox (MT-Y123) samples. Based on our theoretical studies, extrapolation to larger scale magnets indicates that 2–4 Tesla in liquid Nitrogen (and even larger field at lower temperatures) is achievable with our high temperature superconductor (HTS) material. Using this effect, magnets with dipole, quadrupole, or more complicated configurations can be made of existing MT-Y123 material, thus bypassing the need for HTS wires. Two types of motors have been successfully constructed, using the trapped field in MT-Y123 samples.
The spatial distribution of the trapped magnetic field on MT-Y123 materials has been studied. A phenomenological model has been developed to account for the trapped field intensity and profile in HTS samples. General features of magnet replicas by HTS will also be discussed.