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We aim to reveal properties of evolution stages in AGB phase; Mira, OH/IR stars, and non-variable OH/IR stars. We presented results of our VLBI observations of four stars; NSV17351, OH39.7+1.5, IRC–30363, and AW Tau. We used the VERA VLBI array to observe 22 GHz H2O masers. Parallaxes of the four sources were obtained to be 0.247±0.035 mas (4.05±0.59 kpc), 0.54±0.03 mas (1.85±0.10 kpc), 0.562±0.201 mas (1.78±0.73 kpc), and 0.449±0.032 mas (2.23±0.16 kpc). Determination of pulsation period of NSV17351 was done for the first time. We revealed the position and kinematics of NSV17351 in our Galaxy and found that NSV17351 is located in an interarm region. A new period-magnitude relationship was indicated in the infrared region. Various other properties based on the distance measurements are also discussed. We have to emphasize that the VLBI astrometry is effective and the only way for parallax measurements of dust obscured OH/IR stars.
We present astrometric very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) studies of AGB stars. To understand the properties and evolution of AGB stars, distances are an important parameter. The distribution and kinematics of their circumstellar matter are also revealed with the VLBI method. We used the VERA array to observe 22 GHz H2O masers in various subclasses of AGB stars. Parallaxes of the three OH/IR stars NSV17351, OH39.7+1.5, IRC−30363, and the Mira-type variable star AW Tau were newly obtained. We present the circumstellar distribution and kinematics of H2O masers around NSV17351. The absolute magnitudes in mid-infrared bands of OH/IR stars with very long pulsation periods were investigated and a period-magnitude relation in the WISE W3 band, MW3 = (−7.21 ± 1.18) log P + (9.25 ± 3.09), was found for the Galactic AGB stars. The VLBI is still a powerful tool for parallax measurements of the Galactic AGB stars surrounded by thick dust shells.
We report 4-epoch VLBA observations of 3C 66A at 22GHz. The resulting images show a typical core-jet structure. We combine our results with some previous results to investigate the proper motions of the jet components. The kinematics of 3C 66A is quite complicated; mildly superluminal motions as well as apparent inward motions have been detected for some components. The inward motions may imply position change of the observed core.
In order to investigate the genesis of powerful radio jet, we have mapped the central 10 pc region of the nearby radio galaxy NGC 6251 with a 0.2 pc resolution using VLBI at two radio frequencies, 5 GHz and 15 GHz, we have found the sub-parsec-scale counterjet for the first time in this radio galaxy. This discovery allows us to investigate the jet acceleration based on the relativistic beaming model.
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