Nickel and doped polysilicon lines can be written at speeds exceeding 1000 microns/sec using laser direct-write deposition. We explore the roles of gas pressure, composition, and laser power in determining writing speed and line morphology. The use of a surface layer of amorphous silicon provides optical absorption, thermal and electrical insulation which help to maintain high, relatively stable, surface temperature.
Laser direct-write deposition is used to interconnect CMOS gate arrays by means of computer controlled laser pantography. Complex circuits, such as an array of five 16-stage shift registers and one 16-stage counter have been successfully fabricated and tested.