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methamphetamine abuse is a challenging issue in health system, although the antipsychotic drugs are the choice of treatment of this condition, but psychotheraputic interventions can be effective on clinical symptoms. spiritual- religious group therapy interventions reported effective on mental status of male patients with methamphetamine induced psychotic disorder.
Objectives and Aims
This study aimed to assess the effect of spiritual religious group therapy on mental status of male patients with methamphetamine induced psychotic disorder.
28 male inpatinets with methamphetamin induced disorder were participated in this experimental study divided equally into 2 intervention(14 patients) and control(14 patinets) gruops. Intervention group attended in 12 spiritual-religious group therapy sessions for 4 weeks while control group gathered in 12 sessions with no intervention. Data collected by Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Chi- Square and Independent T-Test were used for data analysis.
Average score of intervention group decreased from 84.07 to 64.14, which shows significant diffrences after intervention in this group(p<0.001), while control group showed no significant differencescompared to intervention group.(81/14to78/57). And there was also a significant difference between the two groups (p< 0.001).
The results showed that spiritual religious group therapy can be effective on improvement of the mental status of male patients with methamphetamine induced psychotic disorder
Resilience is the capacity of individuals to resist mental disorders despite exposure to stress. Little is known about its neural underpinnings. The putative variation of white-matter microstructure with resilience in adolescence, a critical period for brain maturation and onset of high-prevalence mental disorders, has not been assessed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Lower fractional anisotropy (FA) though, has been reported in the corpus callosum (CC), the brain's largest white-matter structure, in psychiatric and stress-related conditions. We hypothesized that higher FA in the CC would characterize stress-resilient adolescents.
Three groups of adolescents recruited from the community were compared: resilient with low risk of mental disorder despite high exposure to lifetime stress (n = 55), at-risk of mental disorder exposed to the same level of stress (n = 68), and controls (n = 123). Personality was assessed by the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Voxelwise statistics of DTI values in CC were obtained using tract-based spatial statistics. Regional projections were identified by probabilistic tractography.
Higher FA values were detected in the anterior CC of resilient compared to both non-resilient and control adolescents. FA values varied according to resilience capacity. Seed regional changes in anterior CC projected onto anterior cingulate and frontal cortex. Neuroticism and three other NEO-FFI factor scores differentiated non-resilient participants from the other two groups.
High FA was detected in resilient adolescents in an anterior CC region projecting to frontal areas subserving cognitive resources. Psychiatric risk was associated with personality characteristics. Resilience in adolescence may be related to white-matter microstructure.
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