To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This review presents a schematic attempt to classify the major pain pathways, based on the results of recent studies in our laboratory, with a special emphasis on the parabrachial system. Our view is based on results from experiments in the rat, using very small iontophoretic injections of anterograde tracers. As illustrated in this report, we have found a very dramatic difference between ascending projections originating from deep laminae compared with those arising from lamina I of the dorsal horn. We propose three main pain systems and discuss their functional-anatomical relationships. The first system is centred on the projection from deep laminae to three caudal reticular areas - the lateral reticular nucleus (LRN), the subnucleus reticularis dorsalis (SRD) and the gigantocellular lateral paragigantocellular reticular nuclei (NGc) - and the parabrachial internal lateral subnucleus (PBil). The second system is centred on the projection from lamina I to the ventral posterolateral nucleus (VPL), the ventral posteromedial (VPM), the posterior nuclear group (Po) and triangular posterior nucleus (PoT) of the thalamus. The third system is centred on the projection from lamina I to the lateral parabrachial area. We also present the four main projections from the latter area to the extended amygdala, the hypothalamus, the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG), and the ventrolateral medulla (VLM), and their involvement in emotional and autonomic (homeostatic) aspects of pain. Experimental Physiology (2002) 87.2, 251-258.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.