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Article contents

Secretion of stem cell factor and granulocyte–macrophage colony-stimulating factor by mouse embryos in culture: influence of group culture

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 November 2008

A. P. Contramaestre
Affiliation:
Universidad Simón Bolívar, Departamento de Biología de Organismos, Baruta, Venezuela.
F. Sifontes
Affiliation:
Bioterio del Instituto Nacional de Higiene Rafael Rangel, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela.
R. Marín
Affiliation:
Laboratorio de Bioenergética Cellular, Centro de Biofísica y Bioquímica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Caracas, Venezuela.
M. I. Camejo
Affiliation:
Universidad Simón Bolívar, Departamento de Biología de Organismos, Sartenejas, Baruta, Estado Miranda, Venezuela. Universidad Simón Bolívar, Departamento de Biología de Organismos, Baruta, Venezuela.
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Summary

Previous studies showed that the addition of a growth factor to the culture medium could modulate embryo development. The possible secretion of different factors to the culture medium by the embryo itself, however, has been poorly evaluated. The present study was designed to investigate: (1) the influence of single or group culture on the development of 2-cell mouse embryos (strain CD-1) to the blastocyst stage; (2) the release of granulocyte–macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and stem cell factor (SCF) into the culture medium by the embryo; and (3) the levels of GM-CSF and SCF in the culture medium from both single and group embryos. Two-cell CD-1 mouse embryos were cultured for 96 h singly or in groups of five embryos per drop. GM-CSF and SCF were assayed by ELISA in the complete culture medium. It was found that embryos cultured in groups gave a higher percentage of total blastocyst formation and hatched blastocyst when compared with single embryo culture. The mouse embryos secreted GM-CSF and SCF to the culture medium. The concentration of these cytokines is significantly higher in the group cultures than the level found in single cultures. In conclusion, mouse embryos in culture secrete GM-CSF and SCF to the culture medium and the concentration of these cytokines increases during communal culture. These factors may be operating in both autocrine and paracrine pathways to modulate embryo development during in vitro culture.

Type
Research Article
Information
Zygote , Volume 16 , Issue 4 , November 2008 , pp. 297 - 301
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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References

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Secretion of stem cell factor and granulocyte–macrophage colony-stimulating factor by mouse embryos in culture: influence of group culture
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