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Impact of oocyte-secreted factors on its developmental competence in buffalo

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 June 2017

Swati Gupta
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Sriti Pandey
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Mehtab S. Parmar
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Anjali Somal
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Avishek Paul
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Bibhudatta S. K. Panda
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Irfan A. Bhat
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Indu Baiju
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Mukesh K. Bharti
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
G. Saikumar
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Mihir Sarkar
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Vikash Chandra
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
G. Taru Sharma
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122, Bareilly, UP, India.
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Summary

Oocyte-secreted factors (OSFs) play an important role in the acquisition of oocyte developmental competence through bidirectional cross-talk between oocyte and cumulus cells via gap junctions. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of two OSFs, growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15), on the developmental competence of buffalo oocytes derived from two different follicle sizes. Cumulus–oocyte complexes (COCs) from large follicles (LF, >6 mm) or small follicles (SF, <6 mm) were collected and matured in vitro either in the presence of GDF9 or BMP15, or both, or with the denuded oocytes (DOs) as a source of native OSFs. Cleavage and blastocyst rates were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in LF-derived than SF-derived oocytes. Cleavage and blastocyst rates were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the DOs and the combination groups compared with the control, GDF9 alone and BMP15 alone groups, both in LF-derived and SF-derived oocytes, although the cleavage and blastocyst rates did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) between DOs and combination groups. Relative mRNA analysis revealed significantly higher (P > 0.05) expression of the cumulus cell marker genes EGFR, HAS2, and CD44 in LF-derived than SF-derived oocyte; the expression of these markers was significantly higher (P > 0.05) in DOs and combination groups, irrespective of the follicle size. These results suggested that LF-derived oocytes have a higher developmental competence than SF-derived oocytes and that supplementation of GDF9 and BMP15 modulates the developmental competence of buffalo oocytes by increasing the relative abundance of cumulus-enabling factors and thereby increasing cleavage and the quality of blastocyst production.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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