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Influence of Growth Stage and Herbicide Rate on Postemergence Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) Control

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Enrique Rosales-Robles
Affiliation:
Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840
James M. Chandler*
Affiliation:
Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840
Scott A. Senseman
Affiliation:
Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840
Eric P. Prostko
Affiliation:
Extension Agronomist Texas A&M University Research and Extension Center, Stephenville, TX 76401
*
Corresponding author's E-mail: jm-chandler@tamu.edu.

Abstract

Studies were conducted to observe the effect of full and reduced rates of postemergence (POST) herbicides on seedling and rhizome johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) at different growth stages. Herbicides and labeled rates included primisulfuron at 40 g/ha, nicosulfuron at 35 g/ha, fluazifop-P at 210 g/ha, and clethodim at 140 g/ha. Contour graphs to predict johnsongrass control at different growth stages and herbicide rates were developed. Excellent seedling and rhizome johnsongrass control was obtained with reduced rates of herbicides applied at the three- to five-leaf stages. Primisulfuron at 20 g/ha resulted in 90% or greater control of seedling johnsongrass in the three- to four-leaf stage. Rhizome johnsongrass at this growth stage required 30 g/ha of primisulfuron for the same level of control. Nicosulfuron at 17.5 and 26.3 g/ha provided 90% or greater control up to the four-leaf stage of seedling and rhizome johnsongrass, respectively. Fluazifop-P and clethodim were more effective than primisulfuron and nicosulfuron. Fluazifop-P at 105 g/ha resulted in 90% or greater control of seedling and rhizome johnsongrass up to the seven- and five-leaf stages, respectively. Clethodim at 35 g/ha controlled seedling johnsongrass at least 90% up to the eight-leaf stage. Clethodim at 70 g/ha provided 90% or greater control of rhizome johnsongrass if applied at the three- to four-leaf stages.

Type
Research
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by the Weed Science Society of America 

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