Twenty herbicides were applied to a rangeland pasture in the Post Oak Savannah Resource Area of Texas in April 1978 and May 1979. At time of treatment, total vegetation cover was 88 to 100%, with 36% grasses and 52 to 64% broadleaf cover. From May 31 through September, total, grass, and broadleaf covers were 89 to 100, 51 to 65, and 27 to 44%, respectively. One to 2 months after treatment, grass cover generally increased except where certain herbicides, particularly bromacil (5-bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil), dalapon (2,2-dichloropropionic acid), glyphosate [N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine], or hexazinone [3-cyclohexyl-6-(dimethylamino)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4 (1H, 3H)-dione] had been applied. By September or October in the year of application only dalapon consistently reduced grass cover. In the year following treatment, grass cover was still reduced on the dalapon-treated plots. Most herbicides reduced broadleaf cover in the year of treatment. Broadleaf cover returned most rapidly to those areas treated with dalapon. During the year following treatment, broadleaf cover remained low on plots treated with picloram (4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid), 2,4,5-T [(2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)acetic acid], and picloram + 2,4,5-T. For plots treated in 1978, the grass and broadleaf standing-crop weights of untreated plots were 490 and 450 kg/ha, respectively, in October 1978, and 2707 and 1033 kg/ha in October 1979. In 1978, grass weight increased with several herbicide treatments whereas only dalapon increased the broadleaf weight. For plots treated in May 1979 and harvested in September 1979, grass and broadleaf standing-crop weights of untreated plots were 2629 and 607 kg/ha, respectively.