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Role of cover crops and nicosulfuron dosage on weed control and productivity in corn crop

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 September 2020

Omid R. Zandvakili
Affiliation:
Graduate student, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Masoud Hashemi
Affiliation:
Professor, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Mohammad R. Chaichi
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Allen V. Barker
Affiliation:
Professor, Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA
Reza Keshavarz Afshar
Affiliation:
Research scientist, Western Colorado Research Center, Colorado State University, Fruita, Colorado, USA
Hamid R. Mashhadi
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Mostafa Oveysi
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Maryam Sabet
Affiliation:
Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the research farm of the University of Tehran to evaluate the effect of cover crops and herbicide (nicosulfuron) dosage on corn (Zea mays L.) productivity. Cover crops suppressed weed biomass and density during the fallow period; however, there was no significant effect on weed biomass or weed density in the subsequent corn crop. A mixture of cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) and hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) was the most weed-suppressive cover in the fallow period. Nicosulfuron applied at different amounts suppressed weed biomass and density in corn when compared with weedy plots. Application of 40 g ai ha−1 of nicosulfuron was as effective on weed control as the recommended application. Cover crops did not affect corn growth; however, corn yield improved with herbicide application.

Type
Research Article
Information
Weed Science , Volume 68 , Issue 6 , November 2020 , pp. 664 - 672
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Weed Science Society of America

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Footnotes

Associate Editor: Te-Ming Paul Tseng, Mississippi State University

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