An oligothiophene having a donor-acceptor-donor chromophore with hydrogen bonding groups is used as electron donor in planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells. We focus on the contact between the anode and the oligothiophene. Different anode buffer layers (ABLs) have been used, MoO3 and CuI, alone or coupled with MoO3. The thicknesses were 4 nm and 3 nm for MoO3 and CuI respectively. It is shown that the ABL improves the cells performances. The best results are achieved with the couple MoO3/CuI through an increase of the open circuit voltage and short circuit current. The optical absorption, the surface roughness and the organic film conductivity depend on the ABL. The conductivity of the oligothiophene film is one order of magnitude higher when the ABL is a CuI film. The influence of the ABL can be explained partly by the fact that it raises the anode work function. Nevertheless, the study of the structures ITO/ABL/oligothiophene shows that each ABL exhibits specific advantages and disadvantages. Therefore the couple MoO3/CuI allows summing up the advantages of both ABLs, MoO3 allows a very good band matching and avoids too high leakage current, while CuI allows achieving high Jsc thanks to its effect on the TTB conductivity.