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Helical Motion in the BL LAC Object 0J287?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 May 2016

L. Vicente
Affiliation:
1 Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, CNRS/UPR 176, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Principal Cedex, France
P. Charlot
Affiliation:
2 Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/URA 1125, 61 Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
H. Sol
Affiliation:
1 Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, CNRS/UPR 176, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Principal Cedex, France

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The structural evolution of the BL Lac object OJ287 has been studied with milliarcsecond resolution by using 8.4 GHz geodetic VLBI data from the Crustal Dynamics Program. Such data provide valuable maps which are useful to track superluminal components on short time scales (Charlot 1992). We have mapped and model-fitted OJ287 at ten epochs separated by intervals of a few months between 1985.4 and 1988.1 (Fig. 1a). The structure of OJ287 over this time span consists of two components, one of which is the source core, while the other one is identified with the knot K3, ejected during the 1983–1984 optical outburst. Our models indicate that the knot K3 moves along a non-radial path, with evidence for an apparent deceleration by mid-1986 and a reacceleration afterwards (Fig. 1b). We explain this peculiar motion by a projection effect due to a helical morphology of the jet. Our proposed helical model, estimated by considering the sky positions of K3 together with those of the earlier knots K1 and K2 (Roberts et al. 1987, Gabuzda et al. 1989), corresponds to a helix with a pitch angle of 20° on a narrow cone of half opening angle 3.4°, and central axis inclined at 17° relative to the line of sight. Ejection of VLBI components appears to occur simultaneously with optical outbursts and at mid-time between them. This finding is consistent with the supermassive binary black hole model previously proposed to explain those periodical outbursts (Sillanpää et al. 1988). Comparison of our helical fit with hydrodynamical models (Hardee et al. 1994) provides estimates of the radius (R ≃ 0.015 pc at a distance of 5 pc from the core), opening angle (ψ ≃ 0.1°), and Mach number (M ≃ 60) of the jet, and shows that the orbital 9.0 yr period of the binary black hole system is adequate to drive the helical perturbation if the jet propagates in a hot ambient medium with an external sound speed of 5000 km/s.

Type
Properties of Radio Sources
Copyright
Copyright © Kluwer 1996 

References

Charlot, P. (1992), Monitoring of extragalactic radio source structures with astrometric/geodetic VLBI experiments - the case of 3C273, Extragalactic radio sources - from beams to jets , Eds Roland, J., Sol, H. and Pelletier, G., Cambridge University Press, pp. 112118 Google Scholar
Gabuzda, D. C., Wardle, J. F. C., Roberts, D. H. (1989), Superluminal motion in the BL Lacertae object OJ287, ApJ , Vol. no. 336, pp. L59L62 Google Scholar
Hardee, P. E., Cooper, M. A., Clarke, D. A. (1994), On jet response to a driving frequency and the jets in 3C 449, ApJ , Vol. no. 424, pp. 126137 Google Scholar
Roberts, D. H., Gabuzda, D. C., Wardle, J. F. C. (1987), Linear polarization structure of the BL Lacertae object OJ287 at milliarcsecond resolution, ApJ , Vol. no. 323, pp. 536542 Google Scholar
Sillanpää, A., Haarala, S., Valtonen, M. J., Sundelius, B., Byrd, G. G. (1988), OJ287: binary pair of supermassive black holes, ApJ , Vol. no. 325, pp. 628634 Google Scholar
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