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Published online by Cambridge University Press: 21 March 2016
None will be surprised that there were English clergy in France and Normandy during the period of the Lancastrian occupation in the fifteenth century. What is perhaps surprising is that there were so few of them. Writing on Henry V, Professor Waugh noted that only about twenty of their names were to be found in the Norman Rolls for the last two years of the reign. While it is not always possible to agree with Waugh over the names of clergy whom he considered to be English, his estimate was on the whole correct. It is difficult to question it, since it is sometimes impossible to distinguish French from English names when given in Latin versions. Even Waugh’s contention that few Englishmen were appointed to ecclesiastical positions before 1421 can only be modified in detail: it cannot be gainsaid completely.
Page 179 of note 1 Waugh, W. T., ‘The Administration of Normandy, 1420-22.’ Essays in Medieval History presented to T. F. Tout, Manchester 1925, 352 and n. 3 Google Scholar. Waugh was, for example, incorrect in stating that the treasurership of Rouen cathedral was held by an Englishman.
Page 179 of note 2 Men such as Richard Cassy, William Duffield, Richard Gilbert, Edmund Lacy, Thomas Rodebourne, and Thomas Stevens.
Page 180 of note 1 William Alnwick, John Carpenter, William Lyndwood, Richard Praty, and Thomas Walden.
Page 180 of note 2 John Prentys, Alan Kirketon, and Walter Colles.
Page 180 of note 3 Administrators and councillors included John Kemp, Philip Morgan, John Stopyndon, John Estcourt, and Vincent Clement.
Page 180 of note 4 Foedera, IV, pt. 4, 49.
Page 180 of note 5 Archives de la Seine-Maritime, Rouen (hereafter Seine-Mme), G. 2132: Arch. Vat., Reg. Lat. 222, t. 123ᵛ.
Page 181 of note 1 Allmand, C. T., ‘Alan Kirketon; a clerical royal councillor in Normandy during the English occupation in the fifteenth century,’ JEH, XV, pt. 1, 1964, 33-9Google Scholar.
Page 181 of note 2 Seine-Mme., G. 2122, f. 85r.
Page 181 of note 3 Stein, H., be Palais de Justice et la Sainte Chapelle de Paris, Paris 1912, 132, n. 4 Google Scholar.
Page 181 of note 4 Seine-Mme., G. 2133.
Page 181 of note 5 Arch. Vat., Reg. Suppl. 230, f. 118v.
Page 181 of note 6 Seine-Mme., G. 2130, f. 73r.
Page 181 of note 7 The following appear (i) as canons of Rouen: John Bernyngham, Thomas Brouns, Richard Cassy, William Estoby, Robert Felton, Alan Kirketon, John Major, John Prentys, John Stopyndon, Henry Wyche-churche, (ii) as canons of Evreux: Robert Asshehurst, William Clyffe, Alan Kirketon, John Stopyndon, John White, (iii) as canons of Bayeux: William Alnwick, William Alyngton, John Chepstowe, William Clyffe, John Stokes, (iv) as canons of Lisieux: John Bemyngham, William Duffield, John Stopyndon, and Henry Wychechurche. Alan Kirketon also claimed to be canon of Chartres.
Page 182 of note 1 A.N., Xіa 4796, f 103r.
Page 182 of note 2 A.N., Xіa 4794, ff. 11r, 11v, 33r: Arch. Vat., Lib. Annat. 6, f. 234v. For Tiphaine, see below, p. 186, n. 2.
Page 182 of note 3 A.N., Xіa 4796, ff. 98v, 102r, 102r.
Page 183 of note 1 P.R.O., E. 404/39/186: C. de Beaurepaire, De l’administration de la Normandie sous la domination anglaise, aux années 1424, 1425, 1429, Caen 1859, 5: Seine-Mme., G. 2132.
Page 183 of note 2 Seine-Mme., Échiquier, 1448, pt. 1, ff. 63r, 71v, 72r.
Page 183 of note 3 B. M., Egerton Ch. 208: CPL, IX, 392; X, 37,186,187.
Page 183 of note 4 A.N., Xla 4796, f. 321r.
Page 184 of note 1 P.R.O., E. 101/187/15/33.
Page 184 of note 2 Collection Lenoir, 28, p. 41. (A microfilm of this private collection may be consulted at the Archives Nationales in Paris).
Page 184 of note 3 ‘Roles normands et français et autres pièces tirées des archives de Londres par Brequigny,’ ed. Puiseux, L., Mémoires de la Socíété des Anti quaires de Normandie, XXIII, 1858, No. 809 Google Scholar.
Page 184 of note 4 A. N., Xla 4795, ff. 80v, 92v.
Page 185 of note 1 Peter Irford, William Clyffe, and Alan Kirketon.
Page 185 of note 2 William Frotesham, dioc. Worcester, in 1442; William Francis, dioc. London, in 1445: David Robert, priest of St Asaph, in 1449 (Archives du Calvados, D. 89, ff. 17r, 29r, 49r).
Page 185 of note 3 Emden, A. B., Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to 1500, III, p. 1894 Google Scholar.
Page 185 of note 4 Unsuccessful attempts to give English bishops to Norman sees were as follows: John Langdon to Lisieux in 1419 (Bodleian Library, MS Arch. Seid. B. 23, f. 68v); Andrew Holies to Coutances in 1440-41 (Bekynton Correspondence, ed. G. Williams, RS, 1872, I, 26-7, 13-14, 71-2); Michael Tregury to Lisieux in 1447 (Letters of Queen Margaret of Anjou, ed. C. Monro, CS, 1863, 91-3).
Page 186 of note 1 PPC, ed. H. Nicolas, IV, 318, 325, 326, 328.
Page 186 of note 2 The Register of Edmund Lacy, bishop of Exeter, 1420-55, ed. F.C. Hingeston-Randolph, pt. 1, 47: The Register of Henry Chicbele, ed. E. F. Jacob, I, 211.
Page 187 of note 1 A.N., Xla 4794, f. 62v: Robert Blondel, Oeuvres, ed. A. Héron, Rouen 1893, II, 31, 279.
Page 187 of note 2 St Paul’s Cathedral Library, MS WD 13, f. 113v: P.R.O., E. 28/47/93: C. Pat. R., 1422-29, 336.
Page 187 of note 4 Seine-Mme., G. 2127, f. 146r.
Page 187 of note 5 Foedera, IV, pt. 4, 195: A. Bossuat, ‘La littérature de propagande au XVe siècle,’ Cahiers d’Histoire, I, 1956, 139.
Page 188 of note 1 P.R.O., E. 28/62/64: C. Pat.R., 1436-41, 122-23. Erard, canon of the Sainte Chapelle in Paris, had his goods confiscated in 1439 for holding the English party (A.N., LL. 598, f. 7v).
Page 188 of note 2 Archives du Nord, B. 1606, f. 29r.
Page 188 of note 3 Recueil des croniques et anchiennes istories, ed. W. and E. Hardy, RS, 1884, IV, 146.
Page 188 of note 4 B.N., MS français 20889/8: Coll. Lenoir, 5, p. 67.
Page 188 of note 5 PPC, V, pp. xv, 29-30.
Page 189 of note 1 Foedera, V, pt. 1, 50.
Page 190 of note 1 Kirketon served in the retinues of Henry V, the duke of Bedford, the duke of York, and Robert, lord Willoughby.
Page 190 of note 2 Arch. Vat., Reg. Lat. 283, ff. 50v, 156v.
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