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Evidence for Validity of the Brief Resilient Coping Scale in a Young Spanish Sample

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 May 2014

Joaquín T. Limonero*
Affiliation:
Escuela de Enfermería Gimbernat (Spain)
Joaquín Tomás-Sábado
Affiliation:
Escuela de Enfermería Gimbernat (Spain)
Maria José Gómez-Romero
Affiliation:
EGARSAT (Spain)
Jorge Maté-Méndez
Affiliation:
Hospital Duran i Reynals (Spain)
Vaughn G. Sinclair
Affiliation:
Vanderbilt University (USA)
Kenneth A. Wallston
Affiliation:
Vanderbilt University (USA)
Juana Gómez-Benito
Affiliation:
Universidad de Barcelona (Spain)
*
*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Joaquín T. Limonero. Stress and Health Research Group (GIES). Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Campus Universitari s/n, 08193 Bellaterra. Barcelona, (Spain). Phone: +34–935813176. Fax: +34–935813329. E-mail: joaquin.limonero@uab.cat

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to provide evidence of validity of the Brief Resilient Coping Scale for use in Spanish young population. A total of 365 university students responded to the Spanish version of the BRCS as well as to other tools for measuring personal perceived competence, life satisfaction, depression, anxiety, negative and positive affect, and coping strategies. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the unidimensional structure of the scale. Internal consistency reliability and temporal stability through Cronbach’s alpha and test-retest correlations, respectively, were comparable to those found in the initial validation of the tool. The BRCS showed positive and significant correlations with personal perceived competence, optimism, life satisfaction, positive affect (p < .01), and some coping strategies (p < .05). Significant negative correlations were observed with depression, anxiety and negative affect. (p < .01). Multiple regression analysis with stepwise method showed that positive affect, negative affect, optimism and problem solving explained 41.8% of the variance of the BRCS (p < .001). The Spanish adaptation of the BRCS in a young population is satisfactory and comparable to those of the original version and with the Spanish version adapted in an elderly population. This supports its validity as a tool for the assessment of resilient coping tendencies in young people who speak Spanish and offers researchers and professionals interested in this area of study a simple tool for assessing it.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2014 

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