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Beyond Virtual Inclusion – Communications Inclusion and Digital Divisions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 December 2010

Stephen Sinclair
Glasgow Caledonian University, W502a, Hamish Wood Building, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, G4 0BA, UK E-mail:
Glen Bramley
Glasgow Caledonian University, W502a, Hamish Wood Building, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow, G4 0BA, UK E-mail:


Access to and engagement with information and communications technologies (ICTs) are increasingly important aspects of social inclusion. This paper draws upon analyses of UK survey data and a review of research on communications and social exclusion published in the UK between 2001 and 2006 to examine the social distribution of access to and uptake of ICTs and to explore key factors restricting the digital engagement of young people from lower income households and communities. It argues that effective strategies to bridge digital divisions in the UK must pay more attention to the social rather than technological barriers which inhibit communications inclusion.

Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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