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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 May 2019


I arrived home from Australia at the start of the summer recess. I was told that the Prime Minister could not see me until the House sat again in the autumn but that the only qualification that Churchill insisted on for his junior Ministers was that they had served at some time during the war in the Armed Forces. I was fortunately able to satisfy this requirement by my short period of service in the R.A.M.C and the Intelligence Corps.

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354 Sent at Churchill's request by the Australian Minister of External Affairs, H.V. Evatt in 1943. It was named ‘Splash’.

355 This never happened.

356 Geoffrey FitzClarence, 5th earl of Munster (1906–1975), Conservative peer, parliamentary secretary for India and Burma, 1943–1944.

357 Bobbety Gascoyne-Cecil was still Viscount Cranborne at this time and only became marquess of Salisbury in 1947.

358 My post as Deputy to the Leader of the House of Lords signified the partnership between the Labour and Conservative parties in the Lords. As a junior minister at the India office I would have few departmental duties and would be free to assist Lord Salisbury in debates in the Lords.

359 A ceremony describing prime ministers and secretaries of state formally receiving the seals of office from the Sovereign. This honour is not extended to junior ministers.

360 Leo Amery (1873–1955), Conservative MP, secretary of state for India and Burma, 1940–1945.

361 Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964), leading Indian National Congress politician who was jailed at different periods for ‘civil disobedience’; later first prime minister of India, 1947–1964.

362 Leo Amery was careful to show that any expression for my sympathy with Indian nationalists would not be acceptable.

363 Cripps served as ambassador to Moscow, 1940–1942.

364 Sir John Anderson, later 1st Viscount Waverly (1882–1958), senior civil servant, politician and colonial administrator; governor of Bengal, 1932–1937 and chancellor of exchequer, 1943–1945.

365 Sir James Grigg (1890–1964), civil servant and minister; finance member of the viceroy's Executive Council in India in the 1930s; returned to Britain in 1939 to be permanent under-secretary of war and then a Cabinet minister as secretary of state for war, 1942–1945.

366 R.A. ‘Rab’ Butler, later Lord Butler of Saffron Walden (1902–1982), Conservative MP; president of the Board of Education, 1941–1944; chancellor of the exchequer, 1951–1955; and home secretary, 1957–1962.

367 Frederick Marquis, Baron Woolton (1883–1964), later earl of Woolton, Conservative peer; minister of food, 1940–1943; minister of reconstruction, 1943–1944; and chairman of the Conservative Party, 1946–1955.

368 Lord Salisbury's dislike of Lord Woolton may have contributed to the controversy over the Acting Leadership whilst he was away.

369 Sir Roger Lumley (1896–1969), later 11th earl of Scarbrough, Conservative MP then peer, colonial administrator; governor of Bombay, 1937–1943; and under-secretary of state for India and Burma, 1945, in Churchill's Caretaker Administration.

370 Frederick Leathers, 1st Baron Leathers (1883–1965), later Viscount Leathers, British industrialist who served as minister of war transport, 1941–1945.

371 I had a charming letter from Bobbety Salisbury's son thanking me for arranging for his father's bust to be placed in the Lords in recognition of his 45 years of service.