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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 May 2019


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1 He will be referred to in this introduction and in all the footnotes as Listowel.

2 Earl of Listowel, ‘The British Partner in the Transfer of Power’, The Ninth Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Lecture, 24 June 1980, p. 1.

3 For example, Attlee, Clement, As it Happened (London, 1954)Google Scholar, or Williams, Francis, A Prime Minister Remembers: The War and Post-War Memoirs of the Rt. Hon. Earl Attlee, based on his private papers and on a series of recorded conversations (London, 1961)Google Scholar.

4 Ireland, George, ‘William Francis Hare, fifth Earl of Listowel’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004)Google Scholar.

5 Listowel quoted in an interview in September 1994 with Martin Pugh in his article, ‘“Class Traitors”: Conservative recruits to Labour, 1900–30’, English Historical Review, 113, 450 (February 1998), 53.

6 Ennismore, Viscount [as Listowel was then], The Values of Life (London, 1931)Google Scholar.

7 Earl of Listowel, A Critical History of Modern Aesthetics (London, 1933; recently repr. Routledge, 2016 in their Aesthetics series).

8 Diary entry, 27 October 1942, in Dalton, Hugh, The Second World War Diary of Hugh Dalton 1940–45, ed. Pimlott, Ben (London, 1986), 508509Google Scholar.

9 Diary entry, 5 January 1943 in Dalton, Second World War Diary, 542–543.

10 Diary entry, 25 April 1945 in Dalton, Second World War Diary, 854.

11 Alderman, R.K. and Cross, J.A., ‘Rejuvenating the Cabinet: The record of post-war British prime ministers compared’, Political Studies, 34, 4 (1986), 641CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

12 Morgan, Kenneth O., Labour in Power 1945–51 (Oxford, 1983), 83Google Scholar.

13 Listowel to Tahmankar, 28 October 1944, IOR: L/I/1/1443, India Office Library Collection, British Library, London.

14 Ziegler, Philip, Mountbatten: The Official Biography (London, 1985), 356Google Scholar.

15 ‘Whitehall Events and Personalities, 1944–1950’, undated, Listowel Private Collection.

16 Attlee to Listowel, 5 April 1947, Listowel Private Collection.

17 Lord Listowel, ‘With Attlee for Indian Independence’, Fifth Attlee Lecture, 16 February 1988, pp. 7–8

18 Clarke, Peter, The Cripps Version: The Life of Sir Stafford Cripps 1889–1952 (London, 2002)Google Scholar, 467 and n. 35.

19 Rowan to Attlee, 14 May 1947, document 435 in The Transfer of Power 1942–47: Constitutional Relations Between Britain and India, Vol. X, Nicholas Mansergh, editor-in-chief (London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO), 1981), 818.

20 Moore, R.J., Escape from Empire: The Attlee Government and the Indian Problem (Oxford, 1984)Google Scholar, 236.

21 Moore, R.J., Endgames of Empire: Studies of Britain's Indian Problem (New Delhi, 1988), 195198Google Scholar.

22 Listowel, Lord, ‘The Whitehall dimension of the transfer of power’, Indo-British Review, Vol. 7, Nos 3 and 4, (1978), 24Google Scholar.

23 Kaul, Chandrika, ‘“At the Stroke of the Midnight Hour”: Lord Mountbatten and the British media at Indian independence’, Round Table, 97, 398 (October 2008), 688CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

24 Listowel, ‘Whitehall dimension of the transfer of power’, 28.

25 End of Empire Interviews: Archive Log of Transcripts, Lord Listowel, May 1982, MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 527, Bodleian Library, University of Oxford.

26 House of Lords Debate, 16 July 1947, Hansard, Vol. 150, cols 802–74.

27 Roberts, Andrew, The Hold Fox: The Life of Lord Halifax (London, 2004), 298Google Scholar.

28 Not all shared this view. The Earl of Listowel to Rear-Admiral Viscount Mountbatten of Burma, 14 August 1947 in document 480 in The Transfer of Power 1942–47: Constitutional Relations Between Britain and India, Vol. XII, Nicholas Mansergh, editor-in chief (London: HMSO, 1983), 726–727.

29 See, for example, correspondence between Listowel and Krishna Menon regarding Indonesia in July 1947, in Gopal, S. (ed.), Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, 2nd ser., Vol. 3 (New Delhi, 1985), 358363Google Scholar.

30 See, for example, Jinnah's querying the contents of a speech made by Arthur Henderson, under-secretary of state for India, regarding the terms of reference of the Boundary Commission, July 1947, in Zaidi, Z.H. (ed.), Jinnah Papers: On the Threshold of Pakistan 1 July–25 July 1947, 1st ser., Vol. 3 (Islamabad: Government of Pakistan, 1996), 481482Google Scholar.

31 Lord Listowel, ‘Jinnah’, Jinnah Memorial Lecture, April 1984, Lincoln's Inn, London.

32 Listowel's visit to Burma 1948, IOR/M/4/2148, India Office Library Collection, British Library, London.

33 ‘Speech by the Earl of Listowel to the Karen Leaders’, 8 September 1947, document 515, in Hugh Tinker (ed.), Burma: The Struggle for Independence 1944–1948: Constitutional Relations between Britain and Burma, Vol. II (London: HMSO, 1984), 748–750.

34 Berger, Julian, ‘Indigenous Peoples in Commonwealth countries: The legacies of the past and present-day struggles for self-determination’, Round Table, 102, 4 (2013), 336Google Scholar.

35 Campbell-Johnson, Alan, Mission with Mountbatten (London, 1985), 186Google Scholar.

36 Listowel, ‘The Whitehall dimension of the transfer of power’, 31.

37 Hennessy, Peter, Never Again: Britain 1945–51 (London, 2006), 454Google Scholar.

38 Kumarasingham, H., ‘The “New Commonwealth” 1947–49: A New Zealand perspective on India Joining the Commonwealth’, Round Table, 95, 385 (July 2006), 441454CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

39 See Kumarasingham, H., ‘A new monarchy for a new Commonwealth? Monarchy and the consequences of republican India’, in Aldrich, Robert and McCreery, Cindy (eds), Crowns and Colonies: European Monarchies and Overseas Empires (Manchester, 2016), 283308CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

40 Fieldhouse, D.K., ‘The Labour governments and the empire-commonwealth, 1945–51’, in Ovendale, Ritchie (ed.), The Foreign Policy of the British Labour Governments, 1945–1951 (Leicester, 1984), 107108Google Scholar.

41 Listowel, ‘With Attlee for Indian independence’, 1–22.

42 Gupta, Partha Sarathi, Imperialism and the British Labour Movement, 1914–1964 (London, 1975), 325326CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

43 Earl of Listowel, Farley, Rawle, Hinden, Rita, Hughes, Colin, Challenge to the British Caribbean (London, 1952), 3637Google Scholar.

44 Lord Listowel, ‘Commonwealth Future’, Fabian Tract 308, Fabian International Bureau (July 1957), 30.

45 High Commissioner to Commonwealth Secretary, 18 April 1957, The National Archives of the UK (TNA), DO 35/6199.

46 Commonwealth Relations Office Telegram to High Commissioners on ‘Governor-General of Ghana’, 9 May 1957, TNA, DO 35/6199.

47 The Times, 13 March 1997.

48 Ghana Daily Graphic, 12 November 1957.

49 Ronald M. Bell MP to Lord Home, 12 January 1959, with extract of letter from Mrs Marriot to Lady Kittermaster, 30 December 1958, TNA, DO 35/9289.

50 13 August 1958, TNA, DO 35/9289.

51 July 1958, TNA, DO 35/9289.

52 The Times, 8 March 1961.

53 ‘West Indian Immigration’, note by Macmillan to Eden, 14 January 1955, PREM 11/824, in The Conservative Government and the End of Empire 1951–1957, Part III: Economic and Social Policies, ed. David Goldsworthy, in British Documents on the End of the Empire, Ser. A, Vol. 3 (London: HMSO, 1994), document 523.

54 Dean, D.W., ‘Conservative governments and the restriction of Commonwealth immigration in the 1950s: The problems of constraint’, Historical Journal, 35, 1 (1992), 187CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

55 Rosen, Greg, ‘5th Earl of Listowel (William Francis ‘Billy’ Listowel)’, in Rosen, Greg (ed.), Dictionary of Labour Biography (London, 2001), 360362Google Scholar.

56 The House Magazine, 24 March 1997.

57 The Times, 21 December 1965.

58 The Times, 4 May 1989.

59 H.V. Hodson interviewed by Qutubuddin Aziz, Encounter (Pakistan), 1 November 1997.

60 Ludovic Kennedy, The Guardian, 14 March 1997. He spoke on the subject of voluntary euthanasia at the Cambridge Union on 26 October 1981.

61 Sean Blanchard to Listowel, 19 July 1982, Listowel Private Collection.

62 Listowel, Lord, ‘The Whitehall dimension of the transfer of power’, Indo-British Review, Vol. 7, Nos 3 and 4 (1978), 22Google Scholar.

63 Diary entry, 13 May 1966, in Benn, Tony, The Benn Diaries: Selected, Abridged and Introduced by Ruth Winstone (London, 1995), 151152Google Scholar.

64 Grigg to Listowel, 26 June 1980, Listowel Private Collection.

65 These can be found in the British Library's India Office Records and Private Papers section under the reference MSS Eur C357.