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Meaning and Modernisation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 October 2008

Robert N. Bellah
Affiliation:
Professor of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley

Extract

Modernisation, whatever else it involves, is always a moral and a religious problem. If it has sometimes been hailed as an exhilarating challenge to create new values and meanings it has also often been feared as a threat to an existing pattern of values and meanings. In either case the personal and social forces called into play have been powerful.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1968

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References

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1 Harris, Christina Phelps, Nationalism and Revolution in Egypt (The Hague. Mouton, 1964), p. 146.Google Scholar

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3 Several excellent books on this subject have recently become available: Stem, Fritz, The Polities of Cultural Despair, (Berkeley and Los Angeles. The University of California Press, 1961);Google ScholarMosse, George L., The Crisis of German Ideology: Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich (New York. Grosset and Dunlap, 1964);Google ScholarPulzer, Peter G. J., The Rise of Political Anti-Semitism in Germany and Austria (New York. Wiley, 1964).Google Scholar

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2 Eisenstadt, S. N., ‘Modernization and Conditions of Sustained Growth,’ World Politics, 16 (1964), pp. 576–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

1 The remarks on the relation between Protestantism and the early publicists of science are derived from a forthcoming book on science and society by Joseph Ben-David.

1 This point has been made by Benton Johnson in several papers. For example see ‘Do Holiness Sects Socialize in Dominant Values?’, Social Forces, 39 (1961), pp. 309–16.Google Scholar

2 For a slightly more expanded comparative treatment of religious reformism see Robert N. Bellah (ed.), op. cit., pp. 207–12.

3 See Zea, Leopoldo, ‘Positivism and Porfirism in Latin America’, Ideological Differences and World Order, Northrup, F. S. C. (ed.) (New Haven. Yale, 1949).Google Scholar

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1 Shils, Edward, ‘Charisma, Order and Status,’ American Sociological Review, 30 (1965), p. 210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

2 A brief comparative treatment of some aspects of the problem of national socialism can be found in Eugen Weber, Varieties of Fascism (Princeton. Anvil, Van Nostrand, 1964).Google Scholar