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Systematic Investigations of 14C Measurements at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Werner Rom
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Robin Golser
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Walter Kutschera
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Alfred Priller
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Peter Steier
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Eva Wild
Affiliation:
Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, Institut für Radiumforschung und Kernphysik Universität Wien, Währinger Strasse 17, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
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Abstract

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A newly operating accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) facility such as VERA has to go through an extensive testing phase in order to establish optimal conditions for 14C measurements, especially in the field of archaeological samples where an overall precision of 0.5% is desirable.

We discuss the results of our measurements at the milligram carbon level as they relate to long-term stability, reproducibility, precision and isotope fractionation.

Type
Part 1: Methods
Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science 

References

Karlén, I., Olsson, I. U., Kållberg, P. and Kilicci, S. 1964 Absolute determination of the activity of two C14 dating standards. Arkiv för Geofysik 4(22): 465471.Google Scholar
Kutschera, W., Collon, P., Friedmann, H., Golser, R., Hille, P., Priller, A., Rom, W., Steier, P., Tagesen, S., Wallner, A., Wild, E. and Winkler, G. 1997 VERA: A new AMS facility in Vienna. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B123: 4750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Priller, A., Golser, R., Hille, P., Kutschera, W., Rom, W., Steier, P., Wallner, A. and Wild, E. 1997 First performance tests of VERA. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B123: 193198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rozanski, K. (ms.) 1991 International Atomic Energy Agency Consultants’ Group Meeting on C-14 Reference Materials for Radiocarbon Laboratories, Feb 18–20, 1991. Report by K. Rozanski, Section of Isotope Hydrology, IAEA, Vienna.Google Scholar
Stuiver, M. and Robinson, S. W. 1974 University of Washington Geosecs North Atlantic carbon-14 results. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 23: 8790.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stuiver, M. and Polach, H. A. 1977 Discussion: Reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3): 355363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wild, E., Golser, R., Hille, P., Kutschera, W., Priller, A., Puchegger, S., Rom, W., Steier, P. and Vycudilik, W. First 14C results from archaeological and forensic studies at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator. Radiocarbon, this issue.Google Scholar
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