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An Archaeological and Paleontological Chronology for Daisy Cave (CA-SMI-261), San Miguel Island, California

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Jon M. Erlandson
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1218 USA
Douglas J. Kennett
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 USA
B. Lynn Ingram
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 USA
Daniel A. Guthrie
Affiliation:
W. M. Keck Science Center, Claremont Colleges, Claremont, California 91711-5916 USA
Don P. Morris
Affiliation:
Channel Islands National Park, 1901 Spinnaker Dr., Ventura, California 93001 USA
Mark A. Tveskov
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1218 USA
G. James West
Affiliation:
Bureau of Reclamation, Department of the Interior, Sacramento, California 95825-1898 USA
Phillip L. Walker
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 USA
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Abstract

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We provide detailed contextual information on 25 14C dates for unusually well-preserved archaeological and paleontological remains from Daisy Cave. Paleontological materials, including faunal and floral remains, have been recovered from deposits spanning roughly the past 16,000 yr, while archaeological materials date back to ca. 10,500 BP. Multidisciplinary investigations at the site provide a detailed record of environmental and cultural changes on San Miguel Island during this time period. This record includes evidence for the local or regional extinction of a number of animal species, as well as some of the earliest evidence for the human use of boats and other maritime activities in the Americas. Data from Daisy Cave contribute to a growing body of evidence that Paleoindians had adapted to a wide variety of New World environments prior to 10,000 PB. Analysis of shell-charcoal pairs, along with isotopic analysis of associated marine shells, supports the general validity of marine shell dating, but also provides evidence for temporal fluctuations in the reservoir effect within the Santa Barbara Channel region.

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Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science 

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