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Reservoir Ages in the Western Tropical North Atlantic from One Coral off Martinique Island (Lesser Antilles)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 April 2018

Martine Paterne
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Nathalie Feuillet
Affiliation:
Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, UMR 7154, CNRS Paris Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
Guy Cabioch
Affiliation:
IRD, Bondy, France
Elsa Cortijo
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Dominique Blamart
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Jennifer Weill-Accardo
Affiliation:
Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, UMR 7154, CNRS Paris Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
Lucile Bonneau
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
Christophe Colin
Affiliation:
University of Heidelberg, Institute of Environmental Physics, Physics of Environmental Archives, Institute of Geosciences Neuenheimer Feld 234, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Eric Douville
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Edwige Pons-Branchu
Affiliation:
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, LSCE/IPSL, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Domaine du CNRS, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
Corresponding

Abstract

Sea surface reservoir ages (R) are reported from radiocarbon (14C) measurements of the annual growth bands of coral Siderastrea siderea collected on the Atlantic coast off Martinique Island, in the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc. Mean values of R are similar between 1835 and 1845 during pre-anthropogenic times at 385±30 yr and between 1895 and 1905 at 382±20 yr when there was a huge eruption from the Montagne Pelée volcano in 1902–1903. Limited 14C aging of sea surface (~40 yr) may be due to enhanced volcanic activity. Variability of R is slightly greater during 1835–1845 than during 1895–1905. It is linked to a moderate increase of ∆14C of 5‰, strengthened by a clear increase of δ18O of 0.4‰. This is attributed to a decrease of the northward advection of the South Atlantic Waters into the western tropical North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea and relative enhanced westward flux of the tropical North Atlantic surface waters, the southern waters having lower values of 14C and δ18O than the North Atlantic ones. From 1835 to 1845, the fraction of the South Atlantic Waters transported up to Martinique Island was reduced from 25% to 15%.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2018 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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