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RADIOCARBON AGES OF SUYANGGAE PALEOLITHIC SITES IN DANYANG, KOREA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 September 2021

Kyeong J Kim*
Affiliation:
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 124 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
Ju Y Kim
Affiliation:
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 124 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-350, Korea Institute of Korean Prehistory, 25 Yongambuk-ro 120beon-gil Sandang-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea
Kyong W Lee
Affiliation:
Institute of Korean Prehistory, 25 Yongambuk-ro 120beon-gil Sandang-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea Dept. of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, 1000 E. University Ave., Laramie, WY 82071-2000, USA
Seung W Lee
Affiliation:
Institute of Korean Prehistory, 25 Yongambuk-ro 120beon-gil Sandang-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea
Jong Y Woo
Affiliation:
Institute of Korean Prehistory, 25 Yongambuk-ro 120beon-gil Sandang-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea
Yung J Lee
Affiliation:
Institute of Korean Prehistory, 25 Yongambuk-ro 120beon-gil Sandang-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea
A J Timothy Jull
Affiliation:
Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, 1040 E. 4th St., Tucson, AZ 85721-0077, USA University of Arizona AMS Laboratory, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA Isotope Climatology and Environmental Research Centre (ICER), Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Bem ter 18/c, 4026 Debrecen, Hungary
*
*Corresponding author. Email: kjkim@kigam.re.kr

Abstract

The Suyanggae archeological complex is located in Aegok-li, Danyang County, Chungbuk Province, Korea (128°20'00"E, 365˚7'15"N, elevation 132 m). We investigated two Suyanggae Paleolithic localities (1 and 6). A total of 31 samples (18 localities) were analyzed for radiocarbon (14C) ages in three paleolithic cultural horizons of Suyanggae Locality 6 (SYG-6). The purpose of this paper is to report all dating results of SYG-6. It was found that ranges of 14C ages (BP) of cultural layers of SYG-6 are known to be 17,550 ± 80 ∼ 20,470 ± 70, 30,360 ± 350 ∼ 44,100 ± 1900, and 34,870 ± 540 ∼ 46,360 ± 510 BP for cultural layers 2, 3, and 4, respectively. We compared these age data with those of the previous study associated with Gunang Cave near Suyanggae Locality 1 (SYG-1). Based on the chronological information of the three archaeological sites, early humans lived in a rather cold environment from approximately 30,000 to 46,000 BP and disappeared between 30,000 ∼ 20,000 BP and then settled again in SYG-6 site during LGM period. This study demonstrates that archaeological study is important not only for understanding human occupations with their cultural development but also establishing climatic signals to which they have been adapted as a part of the human evolutional process.

Type
Research Article
Information
Radiocarbon , Volume 63 , Issue 5 , October 2021 , pp. 1429 - 1444
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press for the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona

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