Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-568f69f84b-ftpnm Total loading time: 0.924 Render date: 2021-09-21T02:08:32.814Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

AMS 14C Dating of Materials Recovered from the Tunnel under the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 December 2016

S Gómez-Chávez
Affiliation:
Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Zona Arqueológica de Teotihuacán, Carretera Ecatepec-Pirámides Km 43+600, Puerta 5, San Juan Teotihuacán, 55800 Estado de México, México
C Solís*
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Ciudad de México, México
J Gazzola
Affiliation:
Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Zona Arqueológica de Teotihuacán, Carretera Ecatepec-Pirámides Km 43+600, Puerta 5, San Juan Teotihuacán, 55800 Estado de México, México
E R Chávez-Lomelí
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Ciudad de México, México
M A Mondragón
Affiliation:
Centro de Física Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Departamento de Nanotecnología, Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, 76230 Querétaro, Qro. México
M Rodríguez-Ceja
Affiliation:
Instituto de Física, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ave. Universidad 3000, 04510 Ciudad de México, México
M A Martínez-Carrillo
Affiliation:
Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito de la Investigación Científica S/N, Ciudad Universitaria. 04510 Ciudad de México, México
*Corresponding
*Corresponding author. Email: corina@fisica.unam.mx.

Abstract

In 2003, flooding occurred in the Ciudadela (Citadel) of Teotihuacan and saltpeter began to damage the Temple of the Feathered Serpent. Work done to solve this problem led to one of the most important archaeological discoveries made in this site in recent years: an intact tunnel sealed for more than a thousand years. The project created to study the tunnel was named Tlalocan or Path to the Underworld. More than 60,000 objects have been recovered after years of exploration and removing huge amounts of soil and stones. This paper presents the first results of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon dating performed on some of those materials recovered from the tunnel. With these findings, in combination with the archaeological data, based on stratigraphy and ceramic typology, a chronology of several events is proposed concerning the construction phases and ceremonial use, as well as partial and definitive closures of the tunnel. Every closure was accompanied by a deliberate and structured deposition of offerings and ritual refuse along the tunnel. The range of ages that covers the Bayesian calibration of samples collected along the tunnel is around 115 yr, from AD 125 to 240. Material collected at the surface of the chamber located at the end of the tunnel and under the pyramid gave ages in the interval between AD 400 and 534. All samples analyzed fall within the interval of time that covers the period of occupation of Teotihuacan.

Type
Puzzles in Archaeological Chronologies
Copyright
© 2016 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

Selected Papers from the 2015 Radiocarbon Conference, Dakar, Senegal, 16–20 November 2015

References

Arnold, JR, Libby, WF. 1951. Radiocarbon dates. Science 113(2927):111120.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bronk Ramsey, C, Lee, S. 2013. Recent and planned developments of the program OxCal. Radiocarbon 55(2–3):720730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gazzola, J. 2009. Características arquitectónicas de algunas construcciones de fases tempranas en Teotihuacán. Arqueología (42):216233.Google Scholar
Gómez Chávez, S, Gazzola, J. 2003. Proyecto de investigación y conservación del Templo de la Serpiente Emplumada, Teotihuacán, México. Archivo de la Coordinación Nacional de Arqueología del INAH. Mexico City: INAH.Google Scholar
Gómez Chávez, S, Gazzola, J. 2015. Una posible cancha de juego de pelota en el área de la ciudadela, Teotihuacán. Anales de Antropología 49(1):113133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hajdas, I. 2008. Radiocarbon dating and its applications in Quaternary studies. Quaternary Science Journal 57(2):224.Google Scholar
Hajdas, I, Bonani, G, Furrer, H, Mäder, A, Schoch, W. 2007. Radiocarbon chronology of the mammoth site at Niederweningen, Switzerland: results from dating bones, teeth, wood, and peat. Quaternary International 164–165:98105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hosler, D, Burkett, SL, Tarkanian, MJ. 1999. Prehistoric polymers: rubber processing in ancient Mesoamerica. Science 284(5422):19881991.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Libby, WF. 1955. Radiocarbon Dating. 2nd edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 175 p.Google ScholarPubMed
Manzanilla, L. 2001. Historia Antigua de México. Volumen II: El horizonte Clásico. La Zona del Altiplano Central en el Clásico. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas, UNAM. p 201239.Google Scholar
Millon, R, Drewitt, B, Cowgill, GL. 1973. Urbanization at Teotihuacan, Mexico: The Teotihuacán Map. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Reimer, PJ, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Cheng, H, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Haflidason, H, Hajdas, I, Hatté, C, Heaton, TJ, Hoffmann, DL, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, Manning, SW, Niu, M, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Scott, EM, Southon, JR, Staff, RA, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solís, C, Chávez-Lomelí, E, Ortiz, ME, Huerta, A, Andrade, E, Barrios, E. 2014. A new AMS facility in Mexico. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 331:233237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sugiyama, S. 1998. Cronología de sucesos ocurridos en el Templo de Quetzalcóatl, Teotihuacán. In: Brambila R, Cabrera R, editors. Los ritmos de cambio en Teotihuacán, reflexiones y discusiones de su cronología. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. p 167184.Google Scholar
Wacker, L, Němec, M, Bourquin, J. 2010. A revolutionary graphitization system: fully automated, compact and simple. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):931934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

AMS 14C Dating of Materials Recovered from the Tunnel under the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

AMS 14C Dating of Materials Recovered from the Tunnel under the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

AMS 14C Dating of Materials Recovered from the Tunnel under the Temple of the Feathered Serpent in Teotihuacan, Mexico
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *