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25 Years of Tropospheric 14C Observations in Central Europe

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Ingeborg Levin
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Bernd Kromer
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Hildegard Schoch-Fischer
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Michael Bruns
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Marianne Münnich
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Dietrich Berdau
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
John C Vogel
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
Karl Otto Münnich
Affiliation:
Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany
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Abstract

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A long-term mountain station series of tropospheric 14C data for the period 1959 to 1984 is presented. This series is considered representative of the higher altitude14C level over central Europe. Even tree-ring 14C levels from a rural ground level site in southern Germany are consistently lower (by Δ14Cdepression = −15‰ if compared with the mountain station summer average in atmospheric CO2). The rural tree-ring series is considered to represent the additional continental Suess effect at ground level without local contamination. This Suess effect decreases gradually with the distance from the ground (ie, source) level. We therefore estimate the additional continental Suess effect in the vegetation period to be Δ14Cdepression = −5‰ for the mountain station and −20‰) for a rural ground level site, respectively. Based on this assumption, yearly mean tropospheric 14C levels corrected for fossil fuel contamination and representative of the Northern Hemisphere are provided for use in global carbon cycle models.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The American Journal of Science 

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