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Palaeolimnology of Lake Zeribar, Iran, and its Climatic Implications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Krystyna Wasylikowa
Affiliation:
W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
Andrzej Witkowski
Affiliation:
University of Szczecin, Department of Palaeoceanology, Wąska 13, 71-415 Szczecin, Poland
Adam Walanus
Affiliation:
University of Rzeszów, Reytana 16, 35-310 Rzeszów, Poland
Andrzej Hutorowicz
Affiliation:
Inland Fisheries Institute, Department of Hydrobiology, M. Oczapowskiego 10, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland
Stefan W. Alexandrowicz
Affiliation:
Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences, Sławkowska 17, 31-016 Kraków, Poland
Jerzy J. Langer
Affiliation:
Adam Mickiewicz University, Laboratory for Materials Physicochemistry and Nanotechnology, Grunwaldzka 10, 63-100 Śrem, Poland
Corresponding

Abstract

Lake Zeribar sediments covering the time period of the last 25,000 years were examined for the contents of seeds, fruits, Characeae, diatoms, and molluscs. Reconstructions of the variations in the lake water level, salinity, and trophy suggest a sequence of climatic changes. Three pronounced stages of low and varying lake-water level occurred ca. 17,700–15,400, 12,600–12,000, and 10,000–6000 cal yr BP. Some water-level changes were correlated with variations in salinity. The most pronounced increase of salinity occurred 17,700–15,700 and 12,600–12,000 cal yr BP, and less distinct ones occurred about 6400–5900 and 2500 cal yr BP. Diatom assemblages indicated a strong increase of lake trophy ca. 20,200 cal yr BP. Between 6000 and 5000 cal yr BP diatoms characteristic of eutrophy increased in core 63J, and at about 3200 cal yr BP a distinct increase in mesotrophic forms occurred in core 70B. The changes in the occurrence of various organisms indicate increased temperatures about 21,000 cal yr BP, between 15,400 and 12,600, about 12,000, and about 11,700 cal yr BP. The reduced occurrence or disappearance of some of them suggest temperature decreases about 17,700–15,400 and 12,600–12,000 cal yr BP.

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Special Issue Articles
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University of Washington

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