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Oxygen isotope compositions of phosphate from arvicoline teeth and Quaternary climatic changes, Gigny, French Jura

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Nicolas Navarro
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5561-Biogéosciences, Centre des Sciences de la Terre, Université de Bourgogne, 21000 Dijon, France
Christophe Lécuyer
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5561-Biogéosciences, Centre des Sciences de la Terre, Université de Bourgogne, 21000 Dijon, France UMR CNRS 5125-PEPS Paléoenvironnements and Paléobiosphère, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
Sophie Montuire
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5561-Biogéosciences, Centre des Sciences de la Terre, Université de Bourgogne, 21000 Dijon, France EPHE-Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, 21000 Dijon, France
Cyril Langlois
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5125-PEPS Paléoenvironnements and Paléobiosphère, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
François Martineau
Affiliation:
UMR CNRS 5125-PEPS Paléoenvironnements and Paléobiosphère, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
Corresponding

Abstract

Oxygen isotope compositions of biogenic phosphates from mammals are widely used as proxies of the isotopic compositions of meteoric waters that are roughly linearly related to the air temperature at high- and mid-latitudes. An oxygen isotope fractionation equation was determined by using present-day European arvicoline (rodents) tooth phosphate: δ 18Op = 20.98(±0.59) + 0.572(±0.065) δ 18Ow. This fractionation equation was applied to the Late Pleistocene karstic sequence of Gigny, French Jura. Comparison between the oxygen isotope compositions of arvicoline tooth phosphate and Greenland ice core records suggests to reconsider the previously established hypothetical chronology of the sequence. According to the δ 18O value of meteoric water–mean air temperature relationships, the δ 18O value of arvicoline teeth records variations in mean air temperatures that range from 0° to 15°C.

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Research Article
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University of Washington

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