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Eemian and early Weichselian environmental changes at the Jałówka site, NE Poland, and their correlation with marine and ice records

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 April 2021

Mirosława Kupryjanowicz*
Department of Paleobiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Białystok, 15-425 Białystok, Ciołkowskiego 1J, Poland
Magdalena Fiłoc
Department of Paleobiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Białystok, 15-425 Białystok, Ciołkowskiego 1J, Poland
Barbara Woronko
Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University, Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089Warsaw, Poland
Tomasz Mirosław Karasiewicz
Faculty of Earth Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Lwowska 1, 87-100Toruń, Poland
Joanna Rychel
Polish Geological Institute, National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975Warsaw, Poland
Aleksander Adamczyk
Faculty of Earth Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Lwowska 1, 87-100Toruń, Poland
Joanna Jarosz
Department of Paleobiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Białystok, 15-425 Białystok, Ciołkowskiego 1J, Poland
*Corresponding author at: Department of Paleobiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Białystok, 15-425 Białystok, Ciołkowskiego 1J, Poland; e-mail: (M. Kupryjanowicz).


Vegetation changes were documented across the last interglacial period (MIS 5e, Eemian) and continuing through the older part of the last glacial period (MIS 5d–a, early Weichselian). This study was based on pollen data collected at the Jałówka site, NE Poland. Two cold oscillations appeared within warm periods during this stage of the upper Pleistocene. The older oscillation was the temporary intra–interglacial cooling at the end of the Eemian. The younger one was the intra–interstadial cooling that occurred within the oldest interstadial of the early Weichselian (MIS 5c, Brørup). This last event corresponds well to the stadial separating both the Amersfoort and Brørup sensu stricto interstadials in the Netherlands and to the Montaigu event as recognized in France. The development of a pollen sequence allows speculation as to potential correlations with Greenland ice cores and marine records. We suggest that the Eemian in NE Poland may comprise not only MIS 5e, but also a part of MIS 5d. This supposition could shed light on potential for non-synchrony in upper boundaries of the MIS 5e and terrestrial Eemian in Europe. We await the development of more precise independent dating controls to validate our theory more assiduously.

Research Article
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2021

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