Hostname: page-component-7d684dbfc8-mqbnt Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-10-01T15:54:57.002Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Duration of Last Interglacial Conditions in Northwestern Greece

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Polychronis C. Tzedakis*
School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Michael R. Frogley
Centre for Environmental Research, School of Chemistry, Physics and Environmental Science, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QJ, United Kingdom
Timothy H.E. Heaton
NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory, Kingsley Dunham Centre, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG, United Kingdom
1To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail:


A new astronomical calibration method for long pollen records from southern Europe is applied to the last interglacial interval of the Ioannina sequence, northwestern Greece. This shows that the last interglacial in this region, as defined by the presence of forest communities, lasted ca. 15,500 yr, from 127,300 to 111,800 yr B.P. Interglacial conditions developed within marine isotope substage (MIS) 5e and persisted into MIS 5d, lagging changes in global ice volume.

Research Article
University of Washington

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Berger, A. Long-term variations of caloric insolation resulting from the earth's orbital elements. Quaternary Research 9, (1978). 139 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berger, A., Guiot, J., Kukla, G., and Pestiaux, P. Long-term variations of monthly insolation as related to climatic changes. Geologische Rundschau 70, (1981). 748 758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frogley, M.R. Biostratigraphy, Palaeoecology and Geochemistry of a Long Lacustrine Sequence from NW Greece. (1997). University of Cambridge, Cambridge.Google Scholar
Frogley, M.R., Tzedakis, P.C., and Heaton, T.H.E. Climate variability in NW Greece during the last interglacial. Science 285, (1999). 1886 1889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magri, D., and Tzedakis, P.C. Orbital signatures and long-term vegetation patterns in the Mediterranean. Quaternary International 73/74, (2000). 69 78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shackleton, N.J., Chapman, M., Sánchez-Goñi, M.F., Pailler, D., and Lancelot, Y. The classic marine isotope substage 5e. Quaternary Research 58, (2002). 14 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tzedakis, P.C. Long-term tree populations in northwest Greece through multiple Quaternary climatic cycles. Nature 364, (1993). 437 440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tzeakis, P. C, Frogley, M. R, and Heaton, T. H. E. (in press), Last interglacial conditions in southern Europe: Evidence from Ioannina, northwest Greece, Global and Planetary Change.Google Scholar
Tzedakis, P.C., Andrieu, V., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Crowhurst, S., Follieri, M., Hooghiemstra, H., Magri, D., Reille, M., Sadori, L., Shackleton, N.J., and Wijmstra, T.A. Comparison of terrestrial and marine records of changing climate of the last 500,000 yr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 150, (1997). 171 176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar