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Le concept de recherche de sensations: traduction et validation de l'échelle de Zuckerman

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2020

S Carton
Affiliation:
INSERM U 302, Psychopathologie et psychopharmacologie des comportements, hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651Paris Cedex 13, France
C Lacour
Affiliation:
INSERM U 302, Psychopathologie et psychopharmacologie des comportements, hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651Paris Cedex 13, France
R Jouvent
Affiliation:
INSERM U 302, Psychopathologie et psychopharmacologie des comportements, hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651Paris Cedex 13, France
D Widlöcher
Affiliation:
INSERM U 302, Psychopathologie et psychopharmacologie des comportements, hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75651Paris Cedex 13, France
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Résumé

A partir du concept de recherche de sensations, Zuckerman a créé l'échelle de recherche de sensations (Sensation Seeking Scale), composée de 72 items répartis en 5 facteurs. Nous l'avons traduite, et cette version française a été soumise à un échantillon de 102 sujets témoins issus de la population générale. Une retraduction indépendante a pu permettre de valider la version française de l'échelle. Les résultats sont répartis sur une distribution unimodale, avec une note moyenne légèrement supérieure à la médiane, et ils confirment l'existence de sujets obtenant un score élevé de recherche de sensations. Le facteur général se révèle un bon indice global pour évaluer la recherche de sensations du sujet. La recherche de sensations est inversement corrélée pour certains facteurs au sexe, et de manière très significative à l'âge, ce qui rejoint les postulats de Zuckerman et les résultats sur les études américaines antérieures. Ce concept opérationnel trouve actuellement un écho dans des descriptions phénoménologiques et sociales de tels sujets recherchant des sensations. D'autre part, il révèle son intérêt dans le camp de la psychopathologie. La structure de l'échelle est critiquée dans le sens d'un mélange entre plusieurs niveaux émotionnels non équivalents, et la discussion stimulation-sensation pourrait s'ouvrir sur un affinement du concept.

Summary

Summary

On the basis of the sensation seeking concept, Zuckerman created a Sensation Seeking Scale, contprising 72 items distributed among 5 factors. We translated it and this French version was submitted to 102 subjects from the general population. A back-translation validates the French translation. Reults show a unimodal distribution with a mean note slightly higher than the median note and confirm the existence of subjects with a high sensation seeking score. The general factor is a good reflection of all other subscores and thus a good indication for estimating the subject's sensation seeking. High negative correlations were found for some factors between sensation seeking and sex, and between sensation seeking and age, which supports Zuckerman's postulates and other American results. The efficiency of the concept is reflected in phenomenologicai and social pictures of such high sensation seeking subjects. On the other hand, it reveals its usefulness in the field of psychopathology. The characteristics of the scale are discussed with regard to mixing varions non equivalent emotional levels, and the «stimulation versus sensation” issue could lead to a refinement of the concept.

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Article original
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 1990

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References

Références

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