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Checks, Balances, and Thresholds: State Regulatory Re-enforcement and Federal Preemption

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 August 2005

Paul Teske
University of Colorado, Denver


In the last two decades, many cases of actual or attempted federal preemption of state regulation have followed an intriguing new interactive pattern. While this pattern is not comprehensive enough to define a new theory of federalism (see Zimmerman 2004), it now occurs regularly enough to merit close attention and an attempted understanding of its dynamics (see Walters 2004). It is also an example of the kind of complicated federalism, with vertical checks, balances and thresholds, that has emerged in a 21st century America closely divided upon whether and how to use government policy to address various social and economic problems.

© 2005 The American Political Science Association

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