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The early fossil history of Salicaceae: a brief review

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 December 2011

Margaret E. Collinson
Department of Geology, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London, Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX
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Current evidence for early fossil Salicaceae is summarised. Most data come from Europe and North America where revisionary studies are in progress in several laboratories. The earliest records of the modern genera are from North America with Populus section Abaso in the Late Palaeocene and Salix subgenus Salix in the early Eocene. This evidence is based mainly on leaves but the presence of Populus is confirmed by a leafy shoot with attached fruiting raceme. The two genera first occur later in Europe with Populus in the uppermost Eocene and Salix in the Middle Oligocene. Members of both genera in both continents apparently occupied riparian habitats early in their history.

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Copyright © Royal Society of Edinburgh 1992

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