In the present paper, we first introduce the concepts of the Lpq-capacity measure and Lp mixed q-capacity and then prove some geometric properties of Lpq-capacity measure and a Lp Minkowski inequality for the q-capacity for any fixed p ⩾ 1 and q > n. As an application of the Lp Minkowski inequality mentioned above, we establish a Hadamard variational formula for the q-capacity under p-sum for any fixed p ⩾ 1 and q > n, which extends results of Akman et al. (Adv. Calc. Var. (in press)). With the Hadamard variational formula, variational method and Lp Minkowski inequality mentioned above, we prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution for the Lp Minkowski problem for the q-capacity which extends some beautiful results of Jerison (1996, Acta Math.176, 1–47), Colesanti et al. (2015, Adv. Math.285, 1511–588), Akman et al. (Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. (in press)) and Akman et al. (Adv. Calc. Var. (in press)). It is worth mentioning that our proof of Hadamard variational formula is based on Lp Minkowski inequality rather than the direct argument which was adopted by Akman (Adv. Calc. Var. (in press)). Moreover, as a consequence of Lp Minkowski inequality for q-capacity, we get an interesting isoperimetric inequality for q-capacity.