Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55b6f6c457-rq6d8 Total loading time: 0.447 Render date: 2021-09-27T11:35:09.949Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Development of an Arabic Food Composition Database for an Arabic Online Dietary Assessment Tool: myfood24

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 April 2021

A. O. Bawajeeh
Affiliation:
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
S Kalendar
Affiliation:
Public Authority for Applied Education & Training, Kuwait
G. Scarpa
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Environment and School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
N. Hancock
Affiliation:
School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds LS29JT, UK
S. Beer
Affiliation:
Dietary Assessment Ltd., UK
L. Gibson
Affiliation:
Dietary Assessment Ltd., UK
G. Williams
Affiliation:
Dietary Assessment Ltd., UK
B. Dashti
Affiliation:
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait
S. Albar
Affiliation:
Department of Food and Nutrition, Faculty of Human Sciences and Design, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 3270, Saudi Arabia Saudi Food and Drug Authority, Northern Ring Branch Road, Dist. Unit number: 1 4904 Dist. Riyadh 6336, Saudi Arabia
H. Ensaff
Affiliation:
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
M. A. Zulyniak
Affiliation:
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
C. E. Evans
Affiliation:
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
J. E. Cade
Affiliation:
Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Type
Abstract
Copyright
Copyright © The Authors 2021

Assessing dietary intake requires comprehensive food composition databases (FCDB), supporting linkage between foods and nutrients (Reference Foster, Hawkins and Delve1). While traditional methods of collecting dietary intake have been interviewer-led, web-based systems offer advantages allowing for self-administered recalls. In light of this, currently available FCDB for Gulf Cooperation Council countries is limited (Reference Al-Faris2), and an Arabic web-based dietary assessment tool is not yet available. We aimed to develop an Arabic online dietary assessment tool, myfood24(Reference Carter, Albar and Morris3) with a new Arabic FCDB, the initial focus will be foods from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.

Food information was sourced from existing Middle Eastern food composition tables, research articles, and Back-of-pack (BOP) nutrient labels, with the addition of generic foods from the UK Composition of Foods Integrated Database (CoFID). An initial cleaning involved the removal of duplicate foods and reformatting of units for some nutrients. Recipe ingredients and foods were mapped to similar generic items in the CoFID database to generate the missing nutrient data. Multiple options for portion size estimations were assigned (e.g. images, household measurements, serving sizes and average portion sizes). Then, the entire database was translated into Arabic and quality checked.

The new Arabic FCDB contains 2016 food items with complete macronutrient and micronutrient data (120 nutrients). 79% (n = 1585) were generic items from the UK CoFID, 13% (n = 271) were from BOP data labels for local and regional branded products in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait and 8% (n = 160) were composite food items from existing published sources. Seventy-seven new recipes were created; 64 recipes were already available from Kuwait. Examples of local recipes with full nutritional information include marag laham (mutton stew); makbous laham (rice with lamb); spinach pastry; date cake. The database includes 14% from both meat products and dishes (n = 286) and vegetables and vegetable-based dishes (n = 278); 11% of cereal products and associated dishes (n = 230); 9% sweet-tasting foods (e.g. desserts and chocolate) (n = 187); and 8% for fruits (n = 171), seafood (n = 166), and dairy products (n = 166). There are only 5% poultry products and associated dishes (n = 99), 5% beverages (n = 93), and 3% bean-based dishes (n = 68), while 13% come from miscellaneous foods including spices (n = 81), savoury snack (n = 53), sauces (n = 52), ready-to-eat products (n = 39) and oils (n = 24). 30% of foods have photographic portion size images in addition to the other options of portion size estimation.

This is the first Arabic FCDB containing 2016 composite dishes, branded and generic foods available for Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait, which will be integrated into an Arabic myfood24, producing the first Arabic online dietary assessment tool. This tool will be important to support the assessment of dietary intake of Arabic-speaker populations. We plan to expand this FCDB to cover more foods from other countries in the Middle East region.

References

Foster, E, Hawkins, A, Delve, J et al. (2014) J. Hum. Nutr. Diet 27, 2635.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Al-Faris, N (2017) J. Food Nutr. Res 5, 168–75.10.12691/jfnr-5-3-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carter, M, Albar, S, Morris, M et al. (2015) Nutrients 7, 4016–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
You have Access

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Development of an Arabic Food Composition Database for an Arabic Online Dietary Assessment Tool: myfood24
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Development of an Arabic Food Composition Database for an Arabic Online Dietary Assessment Tool: myfood24
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Development of an Arabic Food Composition Database for an Arabic Online Dietary Assessment Tool: myfood24
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *