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Subaru/HSC identifications of protocluster candidates at z ∼ 6–7: Implications for cosmic reionization

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 June 2020

Ryo Higuchi
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo113-0033, Japan
Masami Ouchi
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8583, Japan
Yoshiaki Ono
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan
Takatoshi Shibuya
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan
Jun Toshikawa
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan
Yuichi Harikane
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo113-0033, Japan
Takashi Kojima
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo113-0033, Japan
Yi-Kuan Chiang
Affiliation:
Department of Physics & Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD21218, USA
Eiichi Egami
Affiliation:
Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ85721, USA
Nobunari Kashikawa
Affiliation:
Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan Department of Astronomical Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan
Roderik Overzier
Affiliation:
Observatório Nacional, Rua José Cristino, 77. CEP 20921-400, São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil
Akira Konno
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Akio K. Inoue
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Faculty of Design Technology, Osaka Sangyo University, 3-1-1, Nakagaito, Daito 574-8530 Osaka, Japan
Kenji Hasegawa
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi464-8602, Japan
Seiji Fujimoto
Affiliation:
Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba277-8582, Japan Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Tomotsugu Goto
Affiliation:
Institute of Astronomy, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan
Shogo Ishikawa
Affiliation:
Center for Computational Astrophysics, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan Department of Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kindai University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502, Japan email: rhiguchi@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp
Kei Ito
Affiliation:
Department of Astronomical Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan
Yutaka Komiyama
Affiliation:
Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan Department of Astronomical Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan
Masayuki Tanaka
Affiliation:
Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo181-8588, Japan
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Abstract

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We report fourteen and twenty-eight protocluster candidates at z = 5.7 and 6.6 over 14 and 19 deg2 areas, respectively, selected from 2,230 Lyα emitters (LAEs) photometrically identified with Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) deep images. Six out of the 42 protocluster candidates include at least 1 spectroscopically confirmed LAEs at redshifts up to z = 6.574. By the comparisons with the cosmological Lyα radiative transfer (RT) model reproducing LAEs with the reionization effects, we find that more than a half of these protocluster candidates might be progenitors of the present-day clusters with a mass of ≳ 1014M. We also investigate the correlation between LAE overdensity and Lya rest-frame equivalent width (EW), because the cosmological Lyα RT model suggests that a slope of EW-overdensity relation is steepened towards the epoch of cosmic reionization (EoR), due to the existence of the ionized bubbles around galaxy overdensities easing the escape of Lyα emission from the partly neutral intergalactic medium. The available HSC data suggest that the slope of the EW-overdensity correlation does not evolve from the post-reionization epoch z = 5.7 to the EoR z = 6.6 beyond the moderately large statistical errors.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
© International Astronomical Union 2020

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