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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 June 2023

Tobias Mahl
htw saar - Saarland University of Applied Sciences
Michelle Petry
htw saar - Saarland University of Applied Sciences
Christian Köhler*
htw saar - Saarland University of Applied Sciences
Köhler, Christian, htw saar - Saarland University of Applied Sciences, Germany,


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Sustainability and circular economy are currently some of the strongest trends in industry as well as in politics. They are seen as the best chance to tackle emissions, pollution and climate change while maintaining the prosperity of society. Product-Service System (PSS) business models are seen as an enabler of the circular economy. However, the development of such business models is a major challenge, especially for SMEs. Therefore, there is a need for support through a methodical approach in the development and decision-making. This paper combines and extends an existing approach for assessing the feasibility of PSS-driven business models and a decision-support matrix for recirculation strategies to provide support to practitioners in the early development phases of circular PSS business models. The existing approach for feasibility analysis was focused on PSS only. To include the perspective of circularity and sustainability a systematic literature review was conducted to identify necessary criteria. Combined with the decision-support matrix the improved method aims to be a lean method to support feasibility analysis and decision-making in circular PSS business model development.

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The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press


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