Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-r9chl Total loading time: 0.26 Render date: 2021-06-22T21:22:19.734Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Primaries and Candidates: Examining the Influence of Primary Electorates on Candidate Ideology*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 November 2015

Abstract

Primary elections in the United States have been under-studied in the political science literature. Using new data to estimate the ideal points of primary election candidates and constituents, we examine the link between the ideological leanings of primary electorates and the ideological orientation of US congressional candidates. We use district-level data from the Cooperative Congressional Election Study and ideal point estimates for congressional primary election candidates to examine the role of primary electorate ideology in the selection of party nominees. We find that more extreme Republicans are more likely to win their party’s primary and that Republican and Democratic candidates are responsive to different electoral constituencies.

Type
Research Notes
Copyright
© The European Political Science Association 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

*

Lindsay Nielson, Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Bucknell University, 1 Dent Drive, Lewisburg, PA 17837 (lindsay.nielson@bucknell.edu). Neil Visalvanich, Lecturer, Durham University, School of Government and International Affairs, The Al-Qasimi Building, Elvet Hill Road, Durham DH1 5EH, UK (neil.visalvanich@durham.ac.uk). A previous version of this paper was presented at the 2012 Annual Meetings of the Midwest Political Science Association. The authors gratefully thank Gary C. Jacobson, Thad Kousser, the journal editors, and the anonymous reviewers for their many helpful comments. The authors also thank Adam Bonica for providing data on candidate ideal points, Stephen Pettigrew for providing data on candidate characteristics, and Christopher F. Karpowitz, J. Quin Monson, Kelly D. Patterson, and Jeremy C. Pope for providing data on 2010 Tea Party endorsements. All interpretations of the data are the sole responsibility of the authors. To view supplementary material for this article, please visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2015.60

References

Abramowitz, Alan I., and Saunders, Kyle L.. 2008. ‘Is Polarization a Myth?’. Journal of Politics 70(2):542555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ansolabehere, Stephen, Snyder, James M. Jr, and Stewart, III, Charles. 2001. ‘Candidate Positioning in US House Elections’. American Journal of Political Science 45:136159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bafumi, Joseph, and Herron, Micahel C.. 2010. ‘Leapfrog Representation and Extremism: A Study of American Voters and Their Members in Congress’. American Political Science Review 104:519542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Besley, Timothy, and Case, Anne. 2003. ‘Political Institutions and Policy Choices: Evidence from the United States’. Journal of Economic Literature 41(1):773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonica, Adam. 2013. ‘Ideology and Interests in the Political Marketplace’. American Journal of Political Science 57:294311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brady, David W., and Schwartz, Edward P.. 1995. ‘Ideology and Interests in Congressional Voting: The Politics of Abortion in the US Senate’. Public Choice 84:2548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brady, David W., Han, Hahrie, and Pope, Jeremy C.. 2007. ‘Primary Elections and Candidate Ideology: Out of Step with the Primary Electorate?’. Legislative Studies Quarterly 37(1):79105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burden, Barry C. 2004. ‘Candidate Positioning in US Congressional Elections’. British Journal of Political Science 34:211227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calcagno, Peter T., and Westley, Christopher. 2008. ‘An Institutional Analysis of Voter Turnout: The Role of Primary Type and the Expressive and Instrumental Voting Hypotheses’. Constitutional Political Economy 19(2):94110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Callender, Steven, and Wilson, Catherine H.. 2007. ‘Turnout, Polarization, and Duverger’s Law’. Journal of Politics 69:10471056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York, NY: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
Fenno, Richard F. 1978. Homestyle: House Members in Their Districts. Boston, MA: Little Brown.Google Scholar
Fiorina, Morris P. 1999. ‘Whatever Happened to the Median Voter?’. Technical Report, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.Google Scholar
Fiorina, Morris P., Abrams, Samuel, and Pope, Jeremy C.. 2006. Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America. New York, NY: Longman.Google Scholar
Gerber, Elisabeth R., and Lewis, Jeffrey B.. 2004. ‘Beyond the Median: Voter Preferences, District Heterogeneity, and Political Representation’. Journal of Political Economy 112:13641383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerber, Elisabeth R., and Morton, Rebecca B.. 1998. ‘Primary Election Systems and Representation’. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 14:304324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hassell, Hans J. G. 2012. ‘The Party’s Primary’. Presented at the 2012 Meetings of the Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL, 12–15 April.Google Scholar
Jacobson, Gary C. 1990. The Electoral Origins of Divided Government: Competition in U.S. House Elections, 1946–1988. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Jacobson, Gary C. 2004. The Politics of Congressional Elections. New York City, NY: Pearson Publishers.Google Scholar
Jacobson, Gary C. 2012. ‘The Electoral Origins of Polarized Politics: Evidence from the 2010 Cooperative Congressional Election Study’. American Behavioral Scientist 56:16121630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacobson, Gary C., and Kernell, Samuel. 1983. Strategy and Choice in Congressional Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Jewell, Malcolm. 1984. Parties and Primaries: Nominating State Governors. New York, NY: Praeger.Google Scholar
Kanthak, Kristin, and Rebecca B. Morton. 2001. ‘The Effects of Primary Systems on Congressional Elections’. In Peter F. Galderisi, Marni Ezra and Michael Lyons (eds), Congressional Primaries and the Politics of Representation. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Kaufmann, Karen M., Gimpel, James G., and Hoffman, Adam H.. 2003. ‘A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation’. Journal of Politics 65:457476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keele, Luke J., and Stimson, James A.. 2005. ‘Independents and Party Polarization’. Presented at the 2005 Meetings of the American Political Science Association. Washington, DC, 31 August –3 September.Google Scholar
King, David C. 2003. ‘Congress, Polarization, and Fidelity to the Median Voter’. Working Paper, School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts.Google Scholar
Mayhew, David R. 1974. Congress: The Electoral Connection. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
McGhee, Eric, Masket, Seth, Shor, Boris, Rogers, Steven, and McCarty, Nolan. 2014. ‘A Primary Cause of Partisanship? Nomination Systems and Legislator Ideology’. American Journal of Political Science 58:337351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stone, Walter J., Maisel, L. Sandy, and Lowman, Trevor C.. 2012. ‘Boehner’s Dilemma: A Tempest in a Tea Party?’. In Mark Brewer and L. Sandy Maisel (eds), The Parties Respond: Changes in American Parties and Campaigns, 213236. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Westley, Christopher, Calcagno, Peter T., and Ault, Richard A.. 2004. ‘Primary Election Systems and Candidate Shirking’. Eastern Economic Journal 30(3):365376.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: PDF

Nielson and Visalvanich supplementary material

Appendix

Download Nielson and Visalvanich supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 222 KB
3
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Primaries and Candidates: Examining the Influence of Primary Electorates on Candidate Ideology*
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Primaries and Candidates: Examining the Influence of Primary Electorates on Candidate Ideology*
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Primaries and Candidates: Examining the Influence of Primary Electorates on Candidate Ideology*
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *