Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-dnb4q Total loading time: 0.202 Render date: 2022-07-06T05:22:23.303Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Article contents

From Scipio to Nero to the Self: The Exemplary Politics of Stoicism in Garcilaso de la Vega's Elegies

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 October 2020

Abstract

What is the relation between the early modern lyric and the emergence of modern individuality? Garcilaso de la Vega's verse from early-sixteenth-century Hapsburg Spain is generally assessed in terms of Petrarchan protocols. But the emotive effects of love fictions and pastoral nostalgia provide an incomplete aesthetic picture. Garcilaso's poetry also concerns modern power relations; some of his most impressive tropes allude to contemporary politics. This essay argues that Garcilaso's most experimental and self-assertive verse manifests the political animus of the Toledan nobility. On the ideological fault line between the municipal capitalists of the comunero revolution (1520–21) and the combined forces of the Hapsburg imperialists and the great landed aristrocracy, Garcilaso's “ultramoderate” lyric production problematizes the imperialist-aristocratic coalition by demystifying the official interpretations of recent events as divinely ordered repetitions of classical history. The peculiar self-referential implosion of the second elegy suggests that the emergence of modern individuality occurs in response to imperialist tyranny.

Type
Research Article
Information
PMLA , Volume 116 , Issue 5 , October 2001 , pp. 1316 - 1333
Copyright
Copyright © Modern Language Association of America, 2001

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Alcalá, Manuel. Del virgilianismo de Garcilaso de la Vega. México: n.p., 1946.Google Scholar
Alonso, Dámaso. “El destino de Garcilaso.” Cuatro poetas españoles. Madrid: Gredos. 1962. 1946.Google Scholar
Alonso, Dámaso. “Garcilaso y los límites de la estilística.” Poesia española: Ensayo de métodos y limites estilisticos. Madrid: Gredos, 1950.43–109.Google Scholar
Althusser, Louis. Machiavelli and Us. Ed. Matheron, François. Trans. Elliot, Gregory. New York: Verso, 1999.Google Scholar
Arce Blanco de Vázquez, Margot. Garcilaso de la Vega: Contribución al estudio de la lírica española del siglo XVI. Río Piedras: U de Puerto Rico, 1969.Google Scholar
Barnard, Mary E.Garcilaso's Poetics of Subversion and the Orpheus Tapestry.” PMLA 102 (1987): 316–25.Google Scholar
Beverley, John. “The Formation of the Ideology of the Literary (from Garcilaso to Greenblatt).” Against Literature. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P. 1994. 2546.Google Scholar
Braden, Gordon. Renaissance Tragedy and the Senecan Tradition: Anger's Privilege. New Haven: Yale UP, 1985.Google Scholar
Braudel, Fernand. A History of Civilizations. Trans. Richard Mayne. New York: Penguin. 1993.Google Scholar
Cascardi, Anthony J.Instinct and Object: Subjectivity and Speech-Act in Garcilaso de la Vega.” Ideologies of History in the Spanish Golden Age. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP. 1997. 247–85.Google Scholar
Castro, Américo. Antonio de Guevara: Un hombre y un estilo del siglo XVI. Bogotá: Instituto Caro y Cuervo, 1945.Google Scholar
Castro, Américo. La realidad histórica de España. México: Porrúa. 1954.Google Scholar
Cruz, Anne J. Imitación y transformación: El petrarquismo en la poesía de Boscán y Garcilaso de la Vega. Philadelphia: Purdue U Monographs. 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cruz, Anne J.La mitología como retórica poética: El mito implícito como metáfora en Garcilaso.” Romanic Review 77 (1986): 404–14.Google Scholar
Cruz, Anne J.Spanish Petrarchism and the Poetics of Appropriation: Boscán and Garcilaso de la Vega.” Renaissance Rereadings: Intertext and Context. Ed. Horowitz, Maryanne Cline, Cruz, Anne J., and Furman, Wendy A. Urbana: U of Illinois P. 1988. 8095.Google Scholar
Darst, David H.Garcilaso's Love for Isabel Freire: The Creation of a Myth.” Journal of Hispanic Philology 3 (1979): 261–68.Google Scholar
Debus, Allen G. Man and Nature in the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 1978.Google Scholar
Erasmus, Desiderius. The Education of a Christian Prince. Trans. Lestor K. Born. New York: Norton. 1968.Google Scholar
Estado.” Diccionario medieval español. Ed. Alonso, Martín. Salamanca: Pontificia. 1986.Google Scholar
Fernández Alvarez, Manuel. Felipe Il y su tiempo. Madrid: Espasa, 1998.Google Scholar
Fernández, Santamaría J. A. The State, War and Peace: Spanish Political Thought in the Renaissance. 1516–1559. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 1977.Google Scholar
Foster, Kenelm. Petrarch: Poet and Humanist. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1984.Google Scholar
Gallego Morell, Antonio. Garcilaso de la Vega y sus comentaristas. Madrid: Gredos. 1972.Google Scholar
de la Vega, Garcilaso. Poesias castellanas completas. Ed. Rivers, Elias L. Madrid: Castalia. 1969.Google Scholar
Gaylord, Mary M.Góngora and the Footprints of the Voice.” MLN 108 (1993): 230–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodwyn, Frank. “Garcilaso de la Vega. Representative in the Spanish Cortes.” MLN 82 (1967): 225–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodwyn, Frank. “New Light on the Historical Setting of Garcilaso's Poetry.” Hispanic Review 46 (1978): 122.Google Scholar
Graf, E. C.Forcing the Poetic Voice: Garcilaso de la Vega's Sonnet XXIX as a Deconstruction of the Idea of Harmony.” MLN 109 (1994): 163–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greene, Roland. “The Lyric.” The Renaissance. Ed. Norton, Glyn P. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 1999. 216–28. Vol. 3 of The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. H. B. Nisbet and Claude Rawson, gen eds.Google Scholar
Guevara, Antonio de. Libro áureo de Marco Aurelio. Obras completas. Ed. Blanco, Emilio. Vol. 1. Madrid: Turner, 1994. 1333.Google Scholar
Guevara, Antonio de. Relax de príncipes. Obras completas. Ed. Blanco, Emilio. Vol. 2. Madrid: Turner, 1994. 1943.Google Scholar
Guillén, Claudio. “Sátira y poética en Garcilaso.” El primer siglo de oro: Estudios sobre géneros y modelos. Barcelona: Crítica. 1988. 1548.Google Scholar
Haliczer, Stephen. The Comuneros of Castile: The Forging of a Revolution. 1475–1521. Madison: U of Wisconsin P. 1981.Google Scholar
Hampton, Timothy. Writing from History: The Rhetoric of Exemplarity in Renaissance Literature. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heiple, Daniel L. Garcilaso de la Vega and the Italian Renaissance. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1994.Google Scholar
Johnson, Carroll B.Personal Involvement and Poetic Tradition in the Spanish Renaissance: Some Thoughts on Reading Garcilaso.” Romanic Review 80 (1989): 288304.Google Scholar
Jones, Royston O.Ariosto and Garcilaso.” Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 39 (1962): 153–64.Google Scholar
Jones, Royston O.Bembo. Gil Polo. Garcilaso: Three Accounts of Love.” Revue de littérature comparée 40 (1966): 526–40.Google Scholar
Jones, Royston O.The Idea of Love in Garcilaso's Second Eclogue.” Modern Language Review 46 (1951): 388–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keniston, Hayward. Garcilaso de la Vega: A Critical Study of His Life and Works. New York: Hispanic Soc. of Amer., 1922.Google Scholar
Lapesa, Raphael. “Garcilaso y Fray Luis de León: Coincidencias temáticas y contraste de actitudes.” Poetas y prosistas de ayer y de hoy. Madrid: Gredos. 1977. 146–77.Google Scholar
Lapesa, Raphael. La trayectoria poética de Garcilaso. Madrid: Revista de Occidente. 1948.Google Scholar
Lázaro Carreter, Fernando. “La Ode ad florem Gnidi de Garcilaso de la Vega.” Garcilaso. Actas de la IV Academia Literaria Renacentista (2–4 de marzo de 1983). Salamanca: U de Salamanca. 1986. 109–26.Google Scholar
Lipmann, Stephen. “Garcilaso's Second Elegy.” MLN 86 (1971): 167–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Prince. Trans. Russell Price. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1993.Google Scholar
Maravall, José Antonio. Las comunidades de Castilla. Madrid: Revista de Occidente, 1970.Google Scholar
Maravall, José Antonio. “Garcilaso: Entre la sociedad caballeresca y la utopía renacentista.” Garcilaso. Ed. de la Concha, Victor García. Salamanca: Ediciones U de Salamanca, 1986. 747.Google Scholar
Mariscal, George. Contradictory Subjects: Quevedo, Cervantes. and Seventeenth-Century Spanish Culture. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Márquez Villanueva, Francisco. Personajes y temas del Quijote. Madrid: Taurus, 1975.Google Scholar
Martí, José.Redondilla VII.” Versos sencillos. Poesía completa. Madrid: Alianza, 1995. 173–74.Google Scholar
Montrose, Louis Adrian. “The Elizabethan Subject and the Spenserian Text.” Literary Theory / Renaissance Texts. Ed. Parker, Patricia and Quint, David. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1986.303–40.Google Scholar
Montrose, Louis Adrian. “Shakespeare, the Stage, and the State.” Substance 25.2 (1996): 4667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Navarrete, Ignacio. Orphans of Petrarch: Poetry and Theory in the Spanish Renaissance. Berkeley: U of California P. 1994.Google Scholar
Nichols, Stephen G.Example versus Historia: Montaigne. Eriugena, and Dante.” Unruly Examples: On the Rhetoric of Exemplarity. Ed. Gelley, Alexander. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1995.48–85.Google Scholar
Pagden, Anthony. Spanish Imperialism and the Political Imagination. New Haven: Yale UP, 1990.Google Scholar
Petrarca, Francesco. Africa. Trans. Thomas G. Bergin and Alice S. Wilson. New Haven: Yale UP, 1977.Google Scholar
Petrarca, Francesco. Bucolicum carmen. Trans. Thomas G. Bergin. New Haven: Yale UP. 1974.Google Scholar
Petrarca, Francesco. “To Charles IV, Roman Emperor: Concerning the Falsity of the Charter Removing Austria from the Empire.” 21 Mar. 1361. Letter 5, bk. 16. of Rerum senilium libri / Letters of Old Age. Trans. Aldo S. Bernardo. Saul Levin, and Reta A. Bernardo. Vol. 2. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP. 1992. 621–25.Google Scholar
Petrarca, Francesco. “To L. Annaeus Seneca.” 1 Aug. 1348. Letter 3 of Petrarch's Letters to Classical Authors. Trans. Mario Emilio Cosenza. Chicago: U of Chicago P. 1910. 4354.Google Scholar
Read, Malcolm K.‘El plazer de miralla’: Images of Presence and Absence in Garcilaso and His Critics.” Language, Text, Subject: A Critique of Hispanism. West Lafayette: Purdue UP, 1992. 2353.Google Scholar
Rendait, Steven F. and Sugarmon, Miriam D.Imitation. Theme and Structure in Garcilaso's First Elegy.” MLN 82 (1967): 230–37.Google Scholar
Rico, Francisco. “Garcilaso y otros petrarquismos.” Revue de littérature comparée 52 (1978): 325–38.Google Scholar
Rivers, Elias L. Garcilaso de la Vega: Poems. London: Grant, 1980.Google Scholar
Rivers, Elias L.Garcilaso y los géneros poéticos.” Studio Hispanica in honorem R. Lupesa. Vol. 1. Madrid: Gredos, 1972.495–99.Google Scholar
Rivers, Elias L.The Horatian Epistle and Its Introduction into Spanish Literature.” Hispanic Review 22 (1954): 175–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rivers, Elias L.The Pastoral Paradox of Natural Art.” MLN 77 (1962): 130–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rivers, Elias L.El problema de los géneros neoclásicos y la poesía de Garcilaso.” Garcilaso. Ed. de la Concha, Victor García. Salamanca: Ediciones U de Salamanca, 1986. 4960.Google Scholar
Rivers, Elias L.Problems of Genre in Golden Age Poetry.” MLN 102 (1987): 206–19.Google Scholar
Rodríguez, Juan Carlos. Teoría e historia de la producción ideológica. Madrid: Akal, 1974.Google Scholar
Rodríguez García, José María. “‘Epos delendum est’: The Subject of Carthage in Garcilaso's ‘A Boscán desde La Goleta.Hispanic Review 66 (1998): 151–70.Google Scholar
Rogerio Sánchez, José.Garcilaso y sus obras poéticas.” Antología de poetas líricos castellanos. Boscán y Garcilaso de la Vega. Ed. Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo. Vol. 14. Madrid: Clásica, 1916. v-cvii.Google Scholar
Schmitt, Charles B., and Skinner, Quentin, eds. The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skinner, Quentin. “Political Philosophy.” Schmitt and Skinner 389452.Google Scholar
Smith, Paul Julian. “The Rhetoric of Presence in Poets and Critics of Golden Age Lyric: Garcilaso, Herrera, Góngora.” MLN 100 (1985): 223–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tanner, Marie. The Last Descendant of Aeneas: The Hapsburgs and the Mythic Image of the Emperor. New Haven: Yale UP. 1993.Google Scholar
Tracy, James D. The Politics of Erasmus: A Pacifist Intellectual and His Political Milieu. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1978.Google Scholar
Valdés, Alfonso de. Diálogo de las cosas ocurridas en Roma. Antología de la literatura española: Renacimiento y siglo de oro. Ed. Mujica, Bárbara. New York: Wiley, 1991. 153–63.Google Scholar
Valdés, Juan de. Diálogo de la lengua. Ed. Blanch, Juan M. Lope. Madrid: Castalia, 1969.Google Scholar
Vives, Juan Luis. Obras completas. Trans. Lorenzo Riber. Vol. 1. Madrid: Aguilar. 1947.Google Scholar
3
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

From Scipio to Nero to the Self: The Exemplary Politics of Stoicism in Garcilaso de la Vega's Elegies
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

From Scipio to Nero to the Self: The Exemplary Politics of Stoicism in Garcilaso de la Vega's Elegies
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

From Scipio to Nero to the Self: The Exemplary Politics of Stoicism in Garcilaso de la Vega's Elegies
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *