Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-564cf476b6-z65vl Total loading time: 0.199 Render date: 2021-06-23T07:13:35.811Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Analysis of phenotypic diversity of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) accessions from Jammu and Kashmir, India

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 April 2021

Showkat A. Zargar
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala 147002, India Cytogenetics and Reproductive Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190006, India
Aijaz A. Wani
Affiliation:
Cytogenetics and Reproductive Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190006, India
M. I. S. Saggoo
Affiliation:
Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala 147002, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) is a world-wide highly appreciated fruit, with its attractive colour, soft texture and typical flavour. In the current investigation, 68 apricot accessions collected from Jammu and Kashmir, India were analysed to determine the measure of variation using 12 qualitative and 16 quantitative traits with an aim to identify superior apricot accessions with excellent fruit quality traits. High phenotypic variability was observed among the studied apricot accessions with significant differences among most of the qualitative and quantitative traits. Fruit-related characteristics including fruit weight, fruit length, fruit ratio, fruit firmness, fruit shape, fruit suture, stone weight, kernel weight and stone shape were the most diverse with a high coefficient of variation (>30%). One way analysis of variance showed significant differences (P < 0.0001) among all the quantitative traits. Significant positive and negative correlations were observed between all the agronomically important fruit quality traits. The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that 75.34% of the variability was defined by the first eight components. The unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) dendrogram, based on all traits measured grouped the accessions into two main clusters with several sub-clusters. Both UPGMA dendrogram and PCA scatter plot formed a cluster of 14 accessions, having the highest values regarding most important fruit quality traits such as fruit weight, fruit length and width, fruit ratio, stone weight and kernel weight can be treated as potentially superior accessions. These accessions can be used directly for cultivation and in future apricot breeding programmes. The present findings are promising for genetic resource management, cultivar improvement and commercial applications of apricot in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of NIAB

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Abdul, K, Ram, RB, Dwivedi, SK, Dwivedi, DH and Meena, ML (2016) Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance studies for physico-chemical characters of apricot germplasm under Ladakh region. Progressive Horticulture 48: 2227.Google Scholar
Angmo, P, Angmo, S, Upadhyay, SS, Targais, K, Kumar, B and Stobdan, T (2017) Apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) of trans-Himalayan Ladakh: potential candidate for fruit quality breeding programs. Scientia Horticulturae 218: 187192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Asma, BM and Ozturk, K (2005) Analysis of morphological, pomological and yield characteristics of some apricot germplasm in Turkey. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 52: 305313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Azodanlou, R, Darbellay, C, Luisier, JL, Villettaz, JC and Amadò, R (2003) Development of a model for quality assessment of tomatoes and apricots. LWT-Food Science and Technology 36: 223233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Badenes, ML, Martinez-Calvo, J and Llácer, G (1998) Analysis of apricot germplasm from the European ecogeographical group. Euphytica 102: 9399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Batnini, MA, Krichen, L, Bourguiba, H, Trifi-Farah, N, González, DR, Gómez, PM and Rubio, M (2016) Comparative analysis of traditional and modern apricot breeding programs: a case of study with Spanish and Tunisian apricot breeding germplasm. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 14: 14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhat, MY, Padder, BA, Wani, IA, Banday, FA, Ahsan, H, Dar, MA and Lone, A (2013) Evaluation of apricot cultivars based on physicochemical characteristics observed under temperate conditions. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3: 535537.Google Scholar
Chauhan, N, Singh, D, Kumar, K and Dogra, RK (2020) Genetic variability, character association and diversity studies on wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes in Himachal Pradesh, India. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 67: 16951705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Drogoudi, PD, Vemmos, S, Pantelidis, G, Petri, E, Tzoutzoukou, C and Karayiannis, I (2008) Physical characters and antioxidant, sugar, and mineral nutrient contents in fruit from 29 apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars and hybrids. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56: 1075410760.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Dwivedi, SK, Kareem, A and Ahmed, Z (2007) Apricot in Ladakh. Field Research Laboratory (DRDO), Leh.Google Scholar
Ercisli, S, Agar, G, Yildirim, N, Esitken, A and Orhan, E (2009) Identification of apricot cultivars in Turkey (Prunus armeniaca L.) using RAPD markers. Romanian Biotechnological Letters 14: 45824588.Google Scholar
Gecer, MK, Kan, T, Gundogdu, M, Ercisli, S, Ilhan, G and Sagbas, HI (2020) Physicochemical characteristics of wild and cultivated apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) from Aras valley in Turkey. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 67: 935945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Girish, K, Tsering, S, Dwivedi, SK, Ashish, Y and Srivastava, RB (2012) Pomological and fruit quality characteristics of Halman and Raktsey-Karpo apricot cultivars of trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, India. Progressive Horticulture 44: 211214.Google Scholar
Hammer, Ø, Harper, DAT and Ryan, PD (2001) Past: paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia electronic 4: 19.Google Scholar
IBM SPSS Statistics (2011) IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 20.0. IBM Corp, Armonk.Google Scholar
Khadivi, A, Safdari, L, Hajian, MH and Safari, F (2019) Selection of the promising almond (Prunus amygdalus L.) genotypes among seedling origin trees. Scientia Horticulturae 256: 108587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khadivi, A, Mirheidari, F, Moradi, Y and Paryan, S (2020) Morphological variability of wild pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) accessions from natural habitats in the Northern parts of Iran. Scientia Horticulturae 264: 109165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khadivi-Khub, A and Barazandeh, M (2015) A morphometric study of autochthonous plum genotypes based on multivariate analysis. Erwerbs-Obstbau 57: 185194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Khadivi-Khub, A and Khalili, Z (2017) A breeding project: the selection of promising apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes with late blooming time and high fruit quality. Scientia Horticulturae 216: 93102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kingston, CM (1992) Maturity indices for apple and pear. Horticultural Reviews 13: 32.Google Scholar
Krichen, L, Audergon, JM and Trifi-Farah, N (2014) Variability of morphological characters among Tunisian apricot germplasm. Scientia Horticulturae 179: 328339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kumar, M, Mishra, GP, Singh, R, Kumar, J, Naik, PK and Singh, SB (2009) Correspondence of ISSR and RAPD markers for comparative analysis of genetic diversity among different apricot genotypes from cold arid deserts of trans-Himalayas. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 15: 225.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kumar, D, Lal, S and Ahmed, N (2015) Morphological and pomological diversity among apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes grown in India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85: 13491355.Google Scholar
Ledbetter, CA, Gómez, E, Burgos, L and Peterson, S (1996) Evaluation of fruit quality of apricot cultivars and selections. Journal of Tree Fruit Production 1: 7386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Llácer, G. (2007). Fruit breeding in Spain. In XII EUCARPIA Symposium on Fruit Breeding and Genetics, vol. 814, pp. 4356.Google Scholar
Maeda, H, Akagi, T and Tao, R (2018) Quantitative characterization of fruit shape and its differentiation pattern in diverse persimmon (Diospyros kaki) cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae 228: 4148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malik, SK, Chaudhury, R, Dhariwal, OP and Mir, S (2010) Genetic diversity and traditional uses of wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) in high-altitude north-western Himalayas of India. Plant Genetic Resources 8: 249257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mehlenbacher, SA, Cociu, V and Hough, FL (1991) Apricots (Prunus). Genetic Resources of Temperate Fruit and Nut Crops 290: 65110.Google Scholar
Milošević, T, Milošević, N, Glišić, I and Krška, B (2010) Characteristics of promising apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genetic resources in central Serbia based on blossoming period and fruit quality. Horticultural Science 37: 4655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milošević, T, Milošević, N, Glišić, I and Glišić, IS (2014) Determination of size and shape properties of apricots using multivariate analysis. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum − Hortorum Cultus 13: 7790.Google Scholar
Mratinić, E, Rakonjac, V and Milatović, D (2007) Genetic parameters of yield and morphological fruit and stone properties in apricot. Genetika 39: 315324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naryal, A, Angmo, S, Angmo, P, Kant, A, Chaurasia, OP and Stobdan, T (2019) Sensory attributes and consumer appreciation of fresh apricots with white seed coats. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology 60: 603610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Padilla-Ramirez, JS, Gonzalez-Gaona, E and Ambriz-Aguilar, J (2012) International market of fresh and processed guava: challenges and perspectives for the Mexican case. Acta Horticulturae 959: 1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pandey, SK and Singh, H (2011) A simple, cost-effective method for leaf area estimation. Journal of Botany 2011: 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pereira-Lorenzo, S, dos Santos, ARF, Ramos-Cabrer, AM, Sau, F and Díaz-Hernández, MB (2012) Morphological variation in local pears from north-western Spain. Scientia Horticulturae 138: 176182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pérez-Romero, LF, Arroyo, FT, Santamaría, C, Herencia, JF and Daza, A (2014) Growth, phenology and fruit set of Prunus armeniaca L. (cv. Ninfa) grafted on two rootstocks in organic and conventional management. Horticultural Science 41: 101106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raji, R, Jannatizadeh, A, Fattahi, R. and Esfahlani, MA (2014) Investigation of variability of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) using morphological traits and microsatellite markers. Scientia Horticulturae 176: 225231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rezaei, M, Heidari, P and Khadivi, A (2020) Identification of superior apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes among seedling origin trees. Scientia Horticulturae 262: 109062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruiz, D and Egea, J (2008a) Phenotypic diversity and relationships of fruit quality traits in apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) germplasm. Euphytica 163: 143158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruiz, D and Egea, J (2008b) Analysis of the variability and correlations of floral biology factors affecting fruit set in apricot in a Mediterranean climate. Scientia Horticulturae 115: 154163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sofi, AA, Zaffar, G and Mir, MS (2001) Genetic variability and association of component characters for fruit weight in apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars of Kargil (Ladakh). Indian Journal of Horticulture 58: 239243.Google Scholar
UPOV (2007) Guidelines for the conduct of tests for distinctness, uniformity and stability. TG/70/4 Rev/ PRUNU_ARM, Geneva.Google Scholar
Wani, AA, Zargar, SA, Malik, AH, Kashtwari, M, Nazir, M, Khuroo, AA, Ahmad, F and Dar, TA (2017) Assessment of variability in morphological characters of apricot germplasm of Kashmir, India. Scientia Horticulturae 225: 630637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yilmaz, KU, Kargi, SP and Kafkas, S (2012) Morphological diversity of the Turkish apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) germplasm in the Irano-Caucasian ecogeographical group. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36: 688694.Google Scholar
Zaffar, G, Mir, MS and Sofi, AA (2004) Genetic divergence among apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) genotypes of Kargil, Ladakh. Indian Journal of Horticulture 61: 69.Google Scholar
Zeven, AC and De Wet, JM (1982) Dictionary of cultivated plants and their regions of diversity: excluding most ornamentals, forest trees and lower plants. Pudoc.Google Scholar
Supplementary material: File

Zargar et al. supplementary material

Zargar et al. supplementary material

Download Zargar et al. supplementary material(File)
File 182 KB

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Analysis of phenotypic diversity of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) accessions from Jammu and Kashmir, India
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Analysis of phenotypic diversity of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) accessions from Jammu and Kashmir, India
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Analysis of phenotypic diversity of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) accessions from Jammu and Kashmir, India
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *